Criminal Justice - Mental Health
Criminal justice in Canada is handled at the federal level - meaning the Criminal Code of Canada sets out laws that apply to all Canadians. Criminal offenses are either indictable - where the law broken is a serious one, such as break and enter, drug trafficking, or murder, and go to trial by Jury. Less serious offenses are called summary convictions, such as causing a disturbance, and are handled in court by a judge, with lesser sentences. Mental health plays a large role in those convicted of crimes in Canada. Factors such as homelessness, poverty, trauma and existing mental illness can cause people to act in ways that break criminal laws. According to The 2011–2012 Annual Report of the Correctional Investigator, 36% of federal offenders were identified as requiring psychiatric or psychological evaluation or follow-up, and 45% of male inmates and 69% of female inmates received institutional mental health care services. If you have general questions regarding what is included in the Criminal Code of Canada, how mental health plays a role, would like legal information or assistance, or are looking for resources regarding mental health evaluations for offenses in Canada, we have what you are looking for.
You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.
Resources in ,
The Complex Issue between Violence and Mental Health - Canadian Mental Health Association
Mental Health, Crime and Criminal Justice
Responses and Reforms
America's Criminal Treatment of Mental Illness
Criminal Justice and Mental Health
An Overview for Students
Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System
Women's Mental Health Issues Across The Criminal Justice System
ABA criminal justice mental health standards
A companion to criminal justice, mental health and risk
The Sequential Intercept Model and Criminal Justice
Promoting Community Alternatives for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness
Crime, Treatment Courts and Mental Illness
Mental Health and Criminal Justice
Gender, Psychology, and Justice
The Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System
The Criminalization of Mental Illness
Crisis and Opportunity for the Justice System
Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health and Justice Housing Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton - Forensic Psychiatry Program - West 5th Campus, Harbour North Unit
Ontario. Ministry of the Attorney General - Ontario Court of Justice - Criminal Court, Burlington - Burlington
* break and enter
* failure to comply with bail and/or probation
* impaired driving
* uttering threats
Additional information on Family and Provincial Court can be found at www.ontariocourts.on
Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health Services, Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville - Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville
- helps people manage symptoms in positive ways, get the right care, find a place to live, make healthy choices, and connect to others who can help
Information and Referral
- provides information on mental health, addictions, and services to promote improved health and well-being
- provides current and comprehensive information for people who have a mental health and/or addiction concerns as well as family members, friends, physicians, health care workers, or service providers
- volunteer opportunities available
Crisis Outreach and Support Team (COAST)
- provides telephone support and mobile intervention to persons who are in crisis and have a mental health concern
Education and Training
- offer a range of workshops, courses, training, groups, and services to promote positive health and create a supportive community
Free Walk-In Counseling
- get support with no referral or appointment necessary
- service provided at different locations
- providing assistance and court support services for people who have a mental health/addiction concern are are involved in the criminal justice system
- offer two group programs: Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) and PeerZone workshops
Services and Programs:
- COAST - Crisis Outreach and Support Team
- Education and Training
Canadian Mental Health Association - COAST - Crisis Outreach and Support Team - Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville
- a mobile team of mental health professionals and specially trained, plain-clothed police officers may also visit to help those in crisis remain safe in their own environment and connect with ongoing care
- help is available Monday to Sunday, 24 hours a day
- not an emergency response unit
- if your situation is a life-threatening emergency, call 9-1-1
- COAST is provided through a partnership of the Canadian Mental Health Association, Halton Region Branch and the Halton Regional Police Service
Police Retirees of Ontario
Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Burlington Office - Burlington Office
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless
Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder
Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community
Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing
Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system
Ontario. Ministry of the Attorney General, Court Services - Criminal Court - Hamilton Central - John Sopinka Courthouse
Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health Court Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St
Diversion will assist people considered appropriate for diversion to access services, provide consultation to people not deemed suitable for diversion, support family members and significant others, and provide consultation to the judiciary on cases referred for diversion.
Case management will assist individuals who are not eligible for diversion, and provides outreach, court support, support plans, and referral to longer term support services.
Release from custody will provide short-term assistance to individuals being released from correctional custody to facilitate a stable transition.
Mental Health Rights Coalition of Hamilton
Ontario. Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services - Probation and Parole – Volunteer Program - Hamilton Central - Ellen Fairclough Bldg, Ste. 104
Joseph Brant Hospital - Community Mental Health Outpatient Services - Burlington - Joseph Brant Community Health Centre (Brant Centre)
Child and Adolescent Clinic (CAP)
Provides support to children/youth under the age of 18 years.
* Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist works with Social Worker to assess and provide treatment recommendations on complex cases.
Concurrent Disorders Clinic (Addictions & Mental Illness)
Specialized assessments of clients with co-occurring mental health and addictions disorders.
* psychiatrists work with Social Worker to identify clients who would benefit from longer term individual treatment.
* clinic staff also provide "Health & Hope Group," a 10-week psycho-educational support group for people who experience difficulties with both a mental health issue and substance abuse issue.
Early Intervention in Psychosis (Phoenix)
Regional clinical program provides service to clients 14-40 years of age experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
* jointly managed by Joseph Brant Hospital, Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, ADAPT, and the Halton-Peel Schizophrenia Society.
* for more information, see separate record here
General Psychiatrist Consultation Clinic
Assessment, medication review, and treatment recommendations via a "shared care" model with family physicians.
* follow up appointments provided as necessary for more complex cases to ensure the efficacy of medications prescribed and that the recommended treatment plan is working for the client.
Geriatric Psychiatric Consultation Service
Supports clients aged 65 and older who are residents of Burlington, for more details see separate record here
Halton Homes (homelessness service)
Provides clinical support to Halton Homes service which targets mental health clients at risk of being homeless and provides both clinical case management and housing supports.
* Ontario Ministry of Health supportive housing initiative, lead agency is Summit Housing and Outreach Program.
* for more information see separate records here
PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment)
Community outreach program of Halton Region, is housed at Joseph Brant serving all Halton residents, see separate record here
PHAST (Prioritizing Health through Acute Stabilization and Treatment)
Access to mental health and addiction services for individuals 16 and older with mental health and/or addiction concerns who have an urgent need for acute stabilization and intervention
* multidisciplinary model, which includes the services of a registered nurse, addictions specialists, social workers, a child and youth intensive worker, a peer support worker, an occupational therapist, a transitional age youth social worker, a case manager and clerical support
* treatment includes stabilization and referral to social service agency partners through a combination of group and one-on-one sessions for individuals and their families
Available through referral from a physician:
1. Short Term Treatment
Meets the needs of individuals who are experiencing mental health issues such as mood or anxiety disorders.
* assessment, psychiatric evaluation, treatment planning, skill development and coordination of community resources.
* an average of 12 therapy sessions is offered.
* clinicians also offer treatment via several groups, e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for clients with depression or anxiety.
2. Intensive Case Management
Inter-professional team offers comprehensive outreach services to adult clients and their families.
* addresses the multiple needs of clients with predominantly psychotic or severe mood disorders (eg. bipolar) and focuses on the client's goals and effective community reintegration.
3. Medication Clinic
Operates with both RN and Psychiatrist support for the follow up of primarily a chronic population.
* goals are to facilitate the optimal use of psychotropic medications with a view to prevent/reduce hospitalizations and Emergency Department visits, ensure client stability in the community and support clients in maintaining adequate functioning and an enhanced quality of life.