Criminal Justice - Mental Health

Criminal justice in Canada is handled at the federal level - meaning the Criminal Code of Canada sets out laws that apply to all Canadians. Criminal offenses are either indictable - where the law broken is a serious one, such as break and enter, drug trafficking, or murder, and go to trial by Jury. Less serious offenses are called summary convictions, such as causing a disturbance, and are handled in court by a judge, with lesser sentences. Mental health plays a large role in those convicted of crimes in Canada. Factors such as homelessness, poverty, trauma and existing mental illness can cause people to act in ways that break criminal laws. According to The 2011–2012 Annual Report of the Correctional Investigator, 36% of federal offenders were identified as requiring psychiatric or psychological evaluation or follow-up, and 45% of male inmates and 69% of female inmates received institutional mental health care services. If you have general questions regarding what is included in the Criminal Code of Canada, how mental health plays a role, would like legal information or assistance, or are looking for resources regarding mental health evaluations for offenses in Canada, we have what you are looking for.

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Mental Health, Crime and Criminal Justice

Responses and Reforms

It has long been known that the pathway through the criminal justice system for those with mental health needs is fraught with difficulty. This interdisciplinary collection explores key issues in mental health, crime and criminal justice, including: offenders' rights; intervention designs; desistance; health-informed approaches to offending and the medical needs of offenders; psychological jurisprudence, and; collaborative and multi-agency practice. This volume draws on the knowledge of professionals and academics working in this field internationally, as well as the experience of service users. It offers a solution-focused response to these issues, and promotes both equality and quality of experience for service users. It will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars and students with an interest in forensic mental health and criminal justice.

Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System

Discover how to best provide effective mental health treatments for criminal offenders Prisons and jails are increasingly being filled with inmates who suffer from mental illness and need treatment. Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System examines a wide range of the latest research and learned perspectives focusing on the intersection of mental health services and the criminal justice system. Top experts and academics discuss mental health treatment, its availability, it effectiveness, and just how cost effective it truly is to treat those in prisons and jails. This valuable text provides a broad interdisciplinary view of the topic and presents important qualitative and quantitative research of specific topics, such as the effectiveness of prisoner representatives, the causal link between incarceration and mental illness, and the expanding rates of correctional offenders with mental illness. Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System discusses a wide range of pertinent topics focusing on the viability and functioning of mental health treatment models in prisons and jails. Recommendations on desired correctional mental health programs are presented, along with strategies to better provide therapeutic services. Respected experts provide practical suggestions on research that needs to be addressed in the future. The book is extensively referenced and includes several tables and figures to clearly present data. Other topics in Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System include: the prevalence of mental illness in jails and prisons—and the duty society has to provide appropriate mental health treatment three components critical to the success of jail diversion programs ethics of doing research on prisoners an extended care community corrections model the experience of mitigation experts in first degree murder cases in the penalty phase of the trial the criminalization of the mentally ill because of fragmentation of mental health services correctional offenders with mental illness (OMIs)—and their differences from the general offender population the role of the helping alliance in juvenile probation settings and much more! Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System is a timely, insightful text for anyone in the criminal justice or mental health fields, educators, graduate students, and upper-level undergraduate students.

Insane

America's Criminal Treatment of Mental Illness

An urgent exposé of the mental health crisis in our courts, jails, and prisons America has made mental illness a crime. Jails in New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago each house more people with mental illnesses than any hospital. As many as half of all people in America's jails and prisons have a psychiatric disorder. One in four fatal police shootings involves a person with such disorders. In this revelatory book, journalist Alisa Roth goes deep inside the criminal justice system to show how and why it has become a warehouse where inmates are denied proper treatment, abused, and punished in ways that make them sicker. Through intimate stories of people in the system and those trying to fix it, Roth reveals the hidden forces behind this crisis and suggests how a fairer and more humane approach might look. Insane is a galvanizing wake-up call for criminal justice reformers and anyone concerned about the plight of our most vulnerable.

Mental Health and Criminal Justice

In this student-friendly text, a team of respected scholars balances practical knowledge of how the mental healthcare system operates in conjunction with the criminal justice system, with an analytical framework that looks at how the quality of that collaboration is reflected in the issues, processes and outcomes of both institutions. Professors and students will benefit from an accessible new text that informs and explores: The role of mental healthcare law and procedure in the criminal justice system How mentally ill clients are processed through the criminal justice system Mental healthcare terms, resources, and treatment programs Contemporary issues in mental health and criminal justice, such as the treatment of mentally ill juveniles inside the criminal justice system, and lack of full access to mental healthcare for at-risk groups Discussion of systemic interface and entropy, two central themes to guide student analysis of issues and examples drawn from real life Mental Health and Criminal Justice is designed with a wealth of features for study and review, including: Learning Objectives Framing the Issues Prologues and Epilogues that frame issues and provide vivid examples Key Terms, highlighted in the text and defined in the Glossary Text boxes that expand on points of interest Summary and Chapter Review Questions at the end of each chapter

Criminal Justice and Mental Health

An Overview for Students

Women's Mental Health Issues Across the Criminal Justice System

The first of its kind, Women's Mental Health Issues Across the Criminal Justice System is dedicated to giving the “most invisible” offenders in today's criminal justice system—mentally ill adolescent girls and women—a face and a voice. The book is organized around the subsystems of the U.S. criminal justice system. Each section highlights mental health research and policy issues and focuses on the impediments to treatment and service delivery as well as the model programs, assessments, and intervention processes that offer hope within and across the system.

ABA criminal justice mental health standards

This text represents official ABA policy on matters relating to the mentally ill and mentally retarded and the criminal justice system.

Mental Health and Criminal Justice

This is the first book to examine the relationship between the American mental health and criminal justice systems from a social science perspective. The contributors -- esteemed scholars from the fields of criminology, law and psychiatry -- illuminate critical areas of the mental health/criminal justice process: how laws and statutes govern the treatment of mentally disordered offenders, how a change in one procedure affects the entire intersystem process, how police manage the deinstitutionalized mentally ill, and how deviant behaviour is defined and treated.

A companion to criminal justice, mental health and risk

Within the domains of criminal justice and mental health care, critical debate concerning ‘care’ versus ‘control’ and ‘therapy’ versus ‘security’ is now commonplace. Indeed, the ‘hybridisation’ of these areas is now a familiar theme. This unique and topical text provides an array of expert analyses from key contributors in the field that explore the interface between criminal justice and mental health. Using concise yet robust definitions of key terms and concepts, it consolidates scholarly analysis of theory, policy and practice. Readers are provided with practical debates, in addition to the theoretical and ideological concerns surrounding the risk assessment, treatment, control and risk management in a cross-disciplinary context. Included in this book is recommended further reading and an index of legislation, making it an ideal resource for students at undergraduate and postgraduate level, together with researchers and practitioners in the field.

The Sequential Intercept Model and Criminal Justice

Promoting Community Alternatives for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness

"Authored by academic, policy, and practice experts in this area, Criminal Justice and Mental Illness offers an overview of the changes in correctional policy and practice during the last decade that reflect an increased focus on community-based alternatives for offenders"--

Therapeutic Justice

Crime, Treatment Courts and Mental Illness

This book examines Mental Health Courts (MHC) within a socio-legal framework. Placing these courts within broader trends in criminal justice, especially problem-solving courts, the author draws from two case studies with a mixed-methods design. While court observational and interview data highlight the role of rituals and procedural justice in the practices of the court, quantitative data demonstrates the impact of incentives, mental health treatment compliance and graduating patterns from MHC in altering patterns of criminal recidivism. In utilising these methods, this book provides a new understanding of the social processes by which MHCs operate, while narrative stories from MHC participants illustrate both the potential and limitations of these courts. Concluding by charting potential improvements for the functioning and effectiveness of MHCs, the author suggests potential reforms and ‘best practices’ for the future in tandem with rigorous analysis. This book will be of value and interest to students and scholars of criminology, law, and social work, as well as practitioners.

Best Practices for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System

This timely brief resource introduces a new evidence-based model for treatment of mentally ill individuals in jails, with emphasis on community-based options. Forensic mental health experts review police alternatives to arresting mentally ill persons in confrontations, the efficacy of problem-solving courts, and continuity of care between jail and community. The book's best-practices approach extends to frequently related issues such as addiction, domestic violence, juvenile considerations, and trauma and describes successful programs coordinating judicial and clinical systems. These guidelines for decriminalizing non-violent behaviors and making appropriate services available to those with mental problems should also help address issues affecting the justice system, such as overcrowding. Included in the coverage: The Best Practices Model. Best practices in law enforcement crisis interventions with the mentally ill. Problem-solving courts and therapeutic jurisprudence. Competency restoration programs. A review of best practices for the treatment of persons with mental illness in jail. Conclusions, recommendations, and helpful appendices. With its practical vision for systemic improvement, Best Practices Model for Intervention with the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System is progressive reading for practitioners in the mental health field, especially practitioners working with inmates, as well as for stakeholders in the law enforcement and justice systems.

Mental Health Counselors

Financial Health & Literacy

Mental Health Advocacy

Mental Health Peer Support

Mental Health Education

Mental Health Recovery

Health Conscious

Exercise Mental Health

Mental Health Issues

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health and Justice Housing Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St

The program provides housing support services to individuals with serious mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system.

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Burlington Office - Burlington Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness * services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the varied needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health and Justice Housing Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St

The program provides housing support services to individuals with serious mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system.

St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton - Forensic Psychiatry Program - West 5th Campus, Harbour North Unit

Helps to restore and maintain the mental health and well-being of mentally disordered adult offenders, while managing the risk they pose to public safety as mandated by the Criminal Code of Canada and ordered by the Ontario Review Board.

Police Retirees of Ontario

An association of retired police officers and civilians who contribute to the community.

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Burlington Office - Burlington Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness * services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the varied needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Ontario. Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services - Probation and Parole – Volunteer Program - Hamilton Central - Ellen Fairclough Bldg, Ste. 104

Enables volunteers to work with individuals who have received dispositions from the court, requiring supervision by a Probation Officer. Volunteer opportunities are available to work with Adult Probation Clients (clients are 18 years of age and older).

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health Services, Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville - Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville

Programs and services include:

Case Management
  • helps people manage symptoms in positive ways, get the right care, find a place to live, make healthy choices, and connect to others who can help

Information and Referral
  • provides information on mental health, addictions, and services to promote improved health and well-being
  • provides current and comprehensive information for people who have a mental health and/or addiction concerns as well as family members, friends, physicians, health care workers, or service providers
  • volunteer opportunities available

Crisis Outreach and Support Team (COAST)
  • provides telephone support and mobile intervention to persons who are in crisis and have a mental health concern

Education and Training
  • offer a range of workshops, courses, training, groups, and services to promote positive health and create a supportive community

Free Walk-In Counseling
  • get support with no referral or appointment necessary
  • service provided at different locations

Justice Services
  • providing assistance and court support services for people who have a mental health/addiction concern are are involved in the criminal justice system

Peer Support
  • offer two group programs: Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) and PeerZone workshops


Services and Programs:
  • COAST - Crisis Outreach and Support Team
  • Education and Training

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Oakville Office - Oakville Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness
* services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health Court Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St

Provides alternatives and options to people with serious mental illness who become involved in the criminal justice system. Three components of the service are mental health court diversion, intensive case management, and release from custody.
Diversion will assist people considered appropriate for diversion to access services, provide consultation to people not deemed suitable for diversion, support family members and significant others, and provide consultation to the judiciary on cases referred for diversion.
Case management will assist individuals who are not eligible for diversion, and provides outreach, court support, support plans, and referral to longer term support services.
Release from custody will provide short-term assistance to individuals being released from correctional custody to facilitate a stable transition.

Disability Justice Network of Ontario

Works with community members locally in Hamilton, Ontario and across the province to ensure that people with disabilities are free to be.

The aim is to build a just and accessible Ontario, wherein people with disabilities:
* Have personal and political agency
* Can thrive and foster community
* Build the power, capacity, and skills needed to hold people, communities, and institutions responsible for the spaces they create

Hamilton. Public Health Services - High Risk Youth Justice Service - 100 Main St - Ste 220

The High Risk Youth Justice Program is designed to assist youth on Probation who have mental health problems of concern. Referral is generally made by a Probation Officer. A partnership with Alternatives for Youth ensures access to substance abuse assessment and counselling.

Parents/caregivers and other professionals involved are welcome to discuss referrals by calling CONTACT Hamilton at 905-570-8888.