Child & Youth Mental Health

Youths are exposed to many situations throughout their pre-teen and teen years, which can have an effect on their mental health. Fear, stress, anger, excitement, and even anxiety can be normal responses to many situations in a youth’s life. As children grow and change, so do their actions and reactions, and with growing maturity comes a better ability to keep behaviour in check and manage stressful situations. But how do you distinguish between “normal” responses and behaviours in children and teens, and those behaviours that are perhaps beyond regular, everyday feelings and situations? The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) suggests that up to 70% of mental illnesses will present themselves before a child reaches their 18th birthday - therefore having a great impact on development and learning. If your child’s behaviour, either at school, at home, or in social situations is causing you concern, or if that behaviour is becoming common and disruptive, it might be time to reach out to a professional for help. They can help you evaluate and distinguish between age-appropriate actions and responses in your child, vs a possible mental health disorder or condition. Causes of mental health disorders can vary widely, from biological and genetic disorders, to underlying mental health issues, to environmental causes or school-life-family pressures and stress. Do you have questions specific to youth mental health? Would you like guidance or information from a mental wellness professional for yourself, a friend or loved one? Are you looking for resources and options within your community to help you manage mental health or face challenges that it may present? Kinjunxion is here to help with sources of support and information.

You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.

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Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Professionals, academics, and policy makers in the field of child and adolescent development tend to use theoretical frameworks stemming from traditional classified disciplines of psychology, sociology, political science, economics, education, and social work. This book creates an opportunity for experts to use interdisciplinary approaches and perspectives, and provides evidence-based knowledge to deal with the stresses of children and adolescents living in poverty, difficult socioeconomic conditions, and varied cultures. It also conveys the message that shared understandings can promote well-meaning and well-reasoned intervention success in similar contexts across nations in which children and adolescents are growing up in complex and risky environments. The contributors, from multiple disciplines, weave their knowledge around the development of children in contemporary society. They highlight the necessary conversations that schools, families, communities, individuals, and nation-states need to have and, most importantly, the responsibility for everyone to develop an understanding of the mental-health needs of the new generation.

Child & Adolescent Mental Health: A Practical, All-in-One Guide

Everything clinicians need to know about the emotional well-being of kids. With the number and type of mental health issues in kids on the rise, and as more and more clinicians and counselors are being pushed to the front lines of defense, now more than ever there is a need for a comprehensive, practical resource that guides professionals through the complexities of child and adolescent mental health. This practical, comprehensive book answers that call.

Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health

A Resource for Advanced Practice Psychiatric and Primary Care Practitioners in Nursing

As an increasing number of children and adolescents with psychiatric symptoms go unrecognized in our current health care system, the ability to identify and treat these issues in multiple health care settings has become vitally important. With access to primary care providers increasing and a shortage of child psychiatric providers, collaboration between psychiatric, pediatric and family advanced practice nurses is essential to improving care for this vulnerable population. "Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health: A Resource for Advanced Practice Psychiatric and Primary Care Practitioners" "in Nursing" provides a practical reference to aid in this endeavor. Aimed at advanced practice nurses and graduate students in nursing, this book is divided into 4 sections addressing assessment, treatment, special populations, and special issues. Within these sections, each chapter includes state-of-the-art, evidence-based information about the most common issues faced by psychiatric and primary care practitioners alike. Chapters focused on disorders review clinical manifestation, etiology, nursing interventions, integration with primary care, and implications for practice, research, and education. Chapters focused on issues describe the linkages between the behavioral/psychiatric profile of the child and associated risk and management strategies. Written/reviewed by over 70 nurse experts, "Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health: A Resource for Advanced Practice Psychiatric and Primary Care Practitioners" "in Nursing" is a must-have reference for all practitioners caring for children and adolescents. Key features: Speaks specifically to issues faced by advanced practice nurses Describes the etiology of psychiatric and psychosocial behaviors in children and adolescents Integrates psychiatric and primary care management strategies Comprehensive in scope, including special topics such as legal and ethical issues and cultural considerations

Child & Adolescent Mental Health: Theory & Practice

Child and Adolescent Mental Health is an introductory handbook ideal for any professional working with children, adolescents and their families in the field of child and adolescent mental health. It balances clear theoretical explanation with illustrative case histories to give the text a distinct practical focus. The book covers all the core aspects of child and adolescent mental health, starting with the background to emotional and behavioural problems, looking at models and tools for assessment and treatment before examining the specific problems encountered in young children, older children and adolescents.

Children and Young People's Mental Health

Essentials for Nurses and Other Professionals

Children and Young People’s Mental Health equips nurses and healthcare professionals with the essential skills and competencies needed to deliver effective assessment, treatment and support to children and young people with mental health problems and disorders, and their families. Drawing on McDougall’s Child and Adolescent Mental Health Nursing and taking the Cavendish Report and Willis Commission into account, this new textbook has been designed to ensure those working in CAMHS can continue to provide a high quality, evidence-based service. The book explores best practice in a variety of settings and addresses issues such as eating disorders, self–harm, ADHD, forensic mental health issues and misuse of drugs and alcohol in children and young people, as well as child protection, clinical governance, safeguarding and legal requirements. Furthermore, with young people contributing directly to several chapters, the book reflects the importance of involving them in planning, delivering and evaluating CAMHS services. It is essential reading for all health and social care professionals and students working with children and young people, particularly those working in specialist child and adolescent mental health settings.

Forensic Child and Adolescent Mental Health

An overview of forensic child and adolescent mental health for professionals in mental health, social care, education, law and policy.

Innovative Interventions in Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Innovative Interventions in Child and Adolescent Mental Health is a unique composite of the literature on various innovative interventions for children and adolescents, and provides a developmental and neurobiological rationale for utilizing innovative interventions with this population. Based on the latest research, this book emphasizes that children and adolescents need more than just talk therapy. These innovative interventions can be applied in a variety of practice settings including schools, juvenile justice, community-based counseling centers, and residential treatment. This book bridges the gap between theory and practice, and provides a historical, theoretical, and research-based rationale, as well as a helpful case study, for each type of intervention being discussed.

Nursing in Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Fiona Smith, Adviser in Children's and Young People's Nursing, Royal College of Nursing, UK --

Child and Youth Mental Health in Canada

Cases from Front-line Settings

"Child and Youth Mental Health in Canada is the first book to cover child and adolescent mental health from a practical, settings-based approach. Rather than focusing on disorder etiology or diagnostic criteria, the cases in this book emphasize how mental health concerns manifest themselves in a variety of service contexts. Each chapter, contributed by a practitioner in the human services, provides an overview of the setting to create the context for practice. The contributors present appropriate interventions and activities for that setting, including interventions specific to the unique needs of refugee, indigenous, and LGBTQ children and youth. Covering trauma-based behaviours and attachment difficulties, practitioner wellness, residential care, in-patient care, school settings, family homes, recreational settings, secured programs, and juvenile justice, this collection will help to prepare future front-line professionals to effectively provide mental health support across milieus. This book is suitable for undergraduate child and adolescent mental health courses in child and youth care, psychology, child and family studies, and social work."--

Child and Youth Mental Health in Canada

Cases from Front-Line Settings

Child and Youth Mental Health in Canada is the first book to cover child and adolescent mental health from a practical, settings-based approach. Rather than focusing on disorder etiology or diagnostic criteria, the cases in this book emphasize how mental health concerns manifest themselves in a variety of service contexts. Each chapter, contributed by a practitioner in the human services, provides an overview of the setting to create the context for practice. The contributors present appropriate interventions and activities for that setting, including interventions specific to the unique needs of refugee, indigenous, and LGBTQ children and youth. Covering trauma-based behaviours and attachment difficulties, practitioner wellness, residential care, in-patient care, school settings, family homes, recreational settings, secured programs, and juvenile justice, this collection will help to prepare future front-line professionals to effectively provide mental health support across milieus. This book is suitable for undergraduate child and adolescent mental health courses in child and youth care, psychology, child and family studies, and social work.

Handbook of Mental Health Interventions in Children and Adolescents

An Integrated Developmental Approach

The Handbook of Mental Health Interventions in Children and Adolescents is an essential guide for mental healthcare professionals to the theory and practice of mental health treatment for children up to age nineteen. Written by a panel of the best-known names in the field, this systematic and comprehensive resource includes the most current information on developmental science as it pertains to treatment, psychopharmacology, psychotherapy, sociotherapy, and the integration of treatments.

From Research to Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health

From Research to Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health has been shaped to reflect the mental health needs of children and adolescents in low and middle income countries of the world. It also includes chapters on topics based on research and practice in high income countries which may have lessons and implications universally. The first section of the book takes a child and adolescent mental health services perspective encompassing epidemiology, mental health needs, and selected policy issues. The second section provides summaries of research findings into the mechanisms for problems frequently encountered in child and adolescent psychiatric practice: schizophrenia, mood disorders, and sleep problems. The third and last section is about interventions and practice. It describes the treatment gap between low and middle income countries in relation to child and adolescent mental health and shows how professionals or lay people may be trained to effectively deliver interventions. This monograph has been produced for the 21st congress of the International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IACAPAP) to be held in Durban, South Africa, in 2014. This is the first congress of IACAPAP in Africa, and it takes place at an appropriate time in view of the continent’s burgeoning child population, significant economic growth and wish to improve the populations’ health.

Financial Health & Literacy

Mental Health Advocacy

Mental Health Peer Support

Mental Health Education

Mental Health Recovery

Health Conscious

Mental Health Issues

Exercise Mental Health

Mental Health & Wellness

McMaster Children's Hospital - Child and Youth Mental Health Outpatient Service and Home Based Services - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 3

Supports children and their families with moderate to severe emotional and/or behavioural difficulties, who have not responded to traditional out-patient services. The staff are Child and Youth workers and Early Childhood Educators, and are part of a large outpatient team, including child psychiatry.

Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services - Hamilton

Offers community-based, office-based, and day treatment programs for children and youth who face emotional, behavioural, and mental health challenges. A wide variety of programs and services for children, teens and adults with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder are offered.

Programs in Hamilton include day treatment at Delta Secondary (HAM2899), day treatment at Hill Park Secondary (HAM0840), ASD Adult Residential Program (HAM0586), ASD Adult SIL Program (HAM2868), ASD Day Supports Program - a Transition to Adulthood group at Woodview Manor (HAM2866), ASD Children and Teen groups and camps and Adult ASD Vocational and Passport services (HAM1428) (HAM2866).

McMaster Children's Hospital - Pediatric Eating Disorders Program - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 4

Provides comprehensive, multidisciplinary assessment for all new patients with eating problems on an in-patient, out-patient, day-treatment basis. Families and caregivers are integral to the treatment process. Further information is available from the National Eating Disorders Information Centre at 1-866-NEDIC-20 or www.nedic.ca

Parents for Children's Mental Health - Family Support Group - Burlington Chapter

Peer to peer support group for parents of children and youth with mental health disorders/illnesses
* provide support, education, and empowerment by linking networks of families, communities, agencies and government

McMaster Children's Hospital - Child and Youth Mental Health Inpatient Service

An inpatient unit for children and youth who require intensive mental health services.

McMaster Children's Hospital - Specialized Developmental and Behavioural Services - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 3

Provides assessment, consultation, and treatment services to children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. SDBS also provides support to families with preschoolers with behavioural and/or emotional challenges.

Joseph Brant Hospital - Community Mental Health Outpatient Services - Burlington - Joseph Brant Community Health Centre (Brant Centre)

Community Mental Health provides a continuum of care from assessment or consultation, to specialized treatment supports for clients with complex and serious mental health disorders.

Child and Adolescent Clinic (CAP)
Provides support to children/youth under the age of 18 years.
* Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist works with Social Worker to assess and provide treatment recommendations on complex cases.

Concurrent Disorders Clinic (Addictions & Mental Illness)
Specialized assessments of clients with co-occurring mental health and addictions disorders.
* psychiatrists work with Social Worker to identify clients who would benefit from longer term individual treatment.
* clinic staff also provide "Health & Hope Group," a 10-week psycho-educational support group for people who experience difficulties with both a mental health issue and substance abuse issue.

Early Intervention in Psychosis (Phoenix)
Regional clinical program provides service to clients 14-40 years of age experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
* jointly managed by Joseph Brant Hospital, Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, ADAPT, and the Halton-Peel Schizophrenia Society.
* for more information, see separate record here

General Psychiatrist Consultation Clinic
Assessment, medication review, and treatment recommendations via a "shared care" model with family physicians.
* follow up appointments provided as necessary for more complex cases to ensure the efficacy of medications prescribed and that the recommended treatment plan is working for the client.

Geriatric Psychiatric Consultation Service
Supports clients aged 65 and older who are residents of Burlington, for more details see separate record here

Halton Homes (homelessness service)
Provides clinical support to Halton Homes service which targets mental health clients at risk of being homeless and provides both clinical case management and housing supports.
* Ontario Ministry of Health supportive housing initiative, lead agency is Summit Housing and Outreach Program.
* for more information see separate records here

PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment)
Community outreach program of Halton Region, is housed at Joseph Brant serving all Halton residents, see separate record here

PHAST (Prioritizing Health through Acute Stabilization and Treatment)
Access to mental health and addiction services for individuals 16 and older with mental health and/or addiction concerns who have an urgent need for acute stabilization and intervention
* multidisciplinary model, which includes the services of a registered nurse, addictions specialists, social workers, a child and youth intensive worker, a peer support worker, an occupational therapist, a transitional age youth social worker, a case manager and clerical support
* treatment includes stabilization and referral to social service agency partners through a combination of group and one-on-one sessions for individuals and their families

Treatment Services
Available through referral from a physician:
1. Short Term Treatment
Meets the needs of individuals who are experiencing mental health issues such as mood or anxiety disorders.
* assessment, psychiatric evaluation, treatment planning, skill development and coordination of community resources.
* an average of 12 therapy sessions is offered.
* clinicians also offer treatment via several groups, e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for clients with depression or anxiety.

2. Intensive Case Management
Inter-professional team offers comprehensive outreach services to adult clients and their families.
* addresses the multiple needs of clients with predominantly psychotic or severe mood disorders (eg. bipolar) and focuses on the client's goals and effective community reintegration.

3. Medication Clinic
Operates with both RN and Psychiatrist support for the follow up of primarily a chronic population.
* goals are to facilitate the optimal use of psychotropic medications with a view to prevent/reduce hospitalizations and Emergency Department visits, ensure client stability in the community and support clients in maintaining adequate functioning and an enhanced quality of life.

Parents for Children's Mental Health - Hamilton Chapter

Provides support, education, and empowerment to parents and families of children and youth who face mental health challenges. Local chapter of a provincial, family-led organization.

McMaster Children's Hospital - Child and Youth Mental Health Parent & Community Education Services - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 3

COPE programs are designed to strengthen the parenting capacity of families/caregivers whose children are displaying challenging behaviours, notably attentional and/or oppositional behaviours.

COPEing with Oppositional Teens offers:

* Weekly 2 hr meeting, for 8 weeks.
* Problem solving discussions, videotapes, homework projects, workshops and readings for parents, focus on the unique challenges presented by very oppositional teens.

Nelson Youth Centres

Major services:
Children's After School Treatment Program: (for ages 6-14)
* group therapy based
* Burlington, Oakville, Milton and Georgetown
* focuses on self regulation, emotional regulation, social competences and managing peer conflict
* children/youth may have a diagnosis of ADHD, Anxiety, and/or Learning Disability
* attend once a week for a twelve week session

Family Support Program:
* parent support group offered in conjunction with the After School Treatment Program
* focuses on effective parenting strategies, promoting positive behaviours and parent child relationships

Half Day Intensive Program: (for ages 7-13)
* for children with severe social/emotional issues struggling to stay in school
* one half day a week during school year
* focuses on development of effective social/emotional skills and learning strategies that enable them to maintain their school placement and function effectively in the home and community

Individual and Family Counselling:
* various counselling formats focusing on effective parenting, family functioning and emotional/behavioural difficulties experienced by the child in the home, school and community

Reconnecting Youth:: (for ages 12-17)
* community based treatment program for youth
* enhances effective community involvement and life skills
* addresses issues such as emotional regulation; mood disorders; social competencies and peer conflict
* individual and family therapy

Saturday Social Skills Program: (for ages 8-12)
* for children with high functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
* operates four times a year, eight week sessions
* teaches essential interpersonal and communication skills
* interactive group recreational programming

McMaster Children's Hospital - Developmental Pediatrics and Rehabilitation Registration Office - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 3

Provides a central referral point to all programs and services. Parents, teens, and professionals in the community may call to inquire about programs and services.

Parents for Children's Mental Health - Family Support Group - Oakville Chapter

Provincial, family-led, non-profit organization that provides a voice for families who face the challenges of child and youth mental health issues * provide support, education, and empowerment by linking networks of families, communities, agencies and government


Services include:
  • peer to peer assistance and support
  • link families to important networks within their communities
  • help families access important resources