Students & Youth - Employment

There are specific resources available to provide information for students and youths in relation to employment. Information about rates of pay, job opportunities, work experience programs, and job postings specific for students are all available. The government of Canada offers summer job and internship opportunities, and private sector employers are encouraged to create summer jobs for students aged 15-30 by being offered wage subsidies. There are many community organizations and private companies who also specialize in helping youths and students find employment, by offering career counseling, help with resume writing, interview skills preparation courses, and specific job listings geared towards students and youths. Do you have a youth at home who is looking for an age-appropriate job? Are you wondering at what age they can start working, and what the average rate of pay is? Would you like more information about the various government-provided resources in your community to help a student or youth find and keep a part-time or summer job? Or are you a small business owner interested in being subsidized for hiring a student this coming summer? There are many resources available, and we have them for you here.

You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.

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Youth Identities, Education and Employment

Exploring Post-16 and Post-18 Opportunities, Access and Policy

This book investigates how policy, family background, social class, gender and ethnicity influence young people’s post-16 and post-18 employment and education access. It draws on existing literature, alongside new data gathered from a case study in a UK state secondary school, to examine how policy changes to the financial arrangements for further and higher education and the changing youth employment landscape have had an impact on young people’s choices and pathways. Hoskins explores a number of topics, including the role of identity in young people’s decision-making; the impact of changes to young people’s financial arrangements, such as cuts to the Education Maintenance Allowance and increased university fees; and the influence of support from parents and teachers. The book will be of interest to students and researchers of Education and Sociology.

Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries

The economic status of young people has declined significantly over the past two decades, despite a variety of programs designed to aid new workers in the transition from the classroom to the job market. This ongoing problem has proved difficult to explain. Drawing on comparative data from Canada, Germany, France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, these papers go beyond examining only employment and wages and explore the effects of family background, education and training, social expectations, and crime on youth employment. This volume brings together key studies, providing detailed analyses of the difficult economic situation plaguing young workers. Why have demographic changes and additional schooling failed to resolve youth unemployment? How effective have those economic policies been which aimed to improve the labor skills and marketability of young people? And how have youths themselves responded to the deteriorating job market confronting them? These questions form the empirical and organizational bases upon which these studies are founded.

Child and Youth Employment Standards: The Experience of Young Workers under BC's New Policy Regime

Labour Productivity, Investment in Human Capital and Youth Employment

Comparative Developments and Global Responses

Unemployment levels are on the rise nearly everywhere, and the rate is particularly high among young people. If this trend is not reversed, the potential long-term economic and social damage is incalculable. For this reason a particular urgency attended an international conference on the subject held in March 2009 at the Marco Biagi Foundation in Modena, Italy, in the course of which specialists in labour law, human resources management, labour economics, sociology, education, and statistics met to present and compare research. This issue of the Bulletin of Comparative Labour Relations includes a selection of the papers presented at that conference. Although the selected essays present findings on specific issues in particular countries, the general applicability at the global level is evident. Assessing measures taken to deal with youth unemployment in thirteen countries (Italy, Spain, Russia, Sweden, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Israel, Nigeria, the United States, China, and Singapore), twenty-five leading authorities describe and analyse such aspects of the problem as the following: vocational education and training; quality of employment as well as quantity; links between educational institutions and local, national and international enterprises; consultation and co-operation between employers' associations and trade unions; job security vs. employment security; funding for postgraduate programmes, internships, and on-the-job vocational training; career development for future managers; safeguards for workers in a framework of flexibility; labour market pressure from unskilled immigrant workers; 'earn-as-you-learn' schemes; work in the informal economy; and the rationale behind the phasing out of passive labour market measures for school leavers such as unemployment benefits.

Political Revolt and Youth Unemployment in Tunisia

Exploring the Education-Employment Mismatch

This book discusses youth unemployment in post-revolutionary Tunisia, paying particular attention to the so-called skill mismatch. Youth unemployment was one of the major factors triggering the Tunisian revolution, and continues to be a central socio-economic challenge. The Tunisian labour market is marked by a strong increase of higher education graduates while the economic system is dominated by sectors mainly employing a less qualified labour force. This study investigates current labour market trends, and provides insights into the underlying causes of persisting high youth unemployment. The author argues that economic crisis, difficult political conditions since 2011, and inefficient labour market policies did not foster sufficient job creation, and that special attention needs to be paid to the educational causes of the skill mismatch in youth employment in future sustainable development models.

Productivity, Investment in Human Capital and the Challenge of Youth Employment

From an international and comparative perspective, young people’s access to the labour market is a complex issue with certain contradictory aspects reflecting the level of development of labour law and industrial relations in their respective countries. In the most advanced economies, there has been a steady increase in the age at which young people exit the educational system and enter the labour market, giving rise to significant economic and social problems. The increase in levels of educational attainment is associated in some cases with an alarming rate of unemployment among those with academic qualifications, while employers encounter considerable difficulty in recruiting workers for unskilled and semi-skilled positions. The economies of developing countries, on the other hand, are characterized by different trends, reminiscent of the early stages of modern labour law, with the large-scale exploitation of young workers and children, many of whom join the flow of migrants towards the more highly developed regions of the world, with the consequent risk of impoverishing human capital in the country of origin. The ADAPT Labour Studies Book-Series has in connection been set up with a view to achieving a better understanding of these and other issues in the field of Labour and Employment relations in a global dimension, through an interdisciplinary and comparative approach.

Dilemmas in Youth Work and Youth Development Practice

The fundamental aim of youth work is to build trusting and mutually respectful relationships with young people, creating transformative experiences for young people in formal and informal spaces outside of homes and schools. These complex and multidimensional situations mean that the day-to-day work of youth workers is full of dilemmas, pitting moral, developmental, motivational, organizational, and other concerns against each other. By showing how different youth workers respond to a variety of such dilemmas, this authentic text makes visible youth workers’ unique knowledge and skills, and explores how to work with challenging situations – from the everyday to the extraordinary. Beginning by setting out a framework for dilemma resolution, it includes a number of narrative-based chapters, in which youth workers describe and reflect on dilemmas they have faced, the knowledge and experiences they brought to bear on them and alternative paths they could have taken. Each chapter closes with a discussion from the literature about themes raised in the chapter, an analysis of dilemma and a set of overarching discussion questions designed to have readers compare and contrast the cases, consider what they would do in the situation, and reflect on their own practice. Teaching us a great deal about the norms, conventions, continuities, and discontinuities of youth work, this practical book reveals essential dimensions of the profession and contributes to a practice-based theoretical foundation of youth work.

Young People, Inequality and Youth Work

The Crisis of Global Youth Unemployment

Since the economic and financial crisis of 2008, the proportion of unemployed young people has exceeded any other group of unemployed adults. This phenomenon marks the emergence of a laborscape. This concept recognizes that, although youth unemployment is not consistent across the world, it is a coherent problem in the global political economy. This book examines this crisis of youth unemployment, drawing on international case studies. It is organized around four key dimensions of the crisis: precarity, flexibility, migration, and policy responses. With contributions from leading experts in the field, the chapters offer a dynamic portrait of unemployment and how this is being challenged through new modes of resistance. This book provides cross-national comparisons, both ethnographic and quantitative, to explore the contours of this laborscape on the global, national, and local scales. Throughout these varied case studies is a common narrative from young workers, families, students, volunteers, and activists facing a new and growing problem. This book will be an imperative resource for students and researchers looking at the sociology of globalization, global political economy, labor markets, and economic geography.

Youth Employment: Problems and Prospects

J&K Perspective

The present work reflects upon the employment issues of the youth-one of the most crucial problems of contemporary times. In the absence of ample employment opportunities, the unprecedented youth bulge is emerging as a severe threat to the socio-economic development particularly in developing countries. In this backdrop, the present work explores the issues of youth employment based on the empirical evidences from the state of Jammu and Kashmir in North India. The viable approach to the holistic development is the socio-economic inclusion of the youth which relies upon a sound employment policy and optimal use of human capital.

Class Work

Vocational Schools and China's Urban Youth

Images of Chinese teens with their heads buried in books for hours on end, preparing for high-stakes exams, dominate understandings of Chinese youth in both China and the West. But what about young people who are not on the path to academic success? What happens to youth who fail the state's high-stakes exams? What many—even in China—don't realize is that up to half of the nation's youth are flunked out of the academic education system after 9th grade. Class Work explores the consequences for youth who have failed these exams, through an examination of two urban vocational schools in Nanjing, China. Through a close look at the students' backgrounds, experiences, the schools they attend, and their trajectories into the workforce, T.E. Woronov explores the value systems in contemporary China that stigmatize youth in urban vocational schools as "failures," and the political and economic structures that funnel them into working-class futures. She argues that these marginalized students and schools provide a privileged window into the ongoing, complex intersections between the socialist and capitalist modes of production in China today and the rapid transformation of China's cities into post-industrial, service-based economies. This book advances the notion that urban vocational schools are not merely "holding tanks" for academic failures; instead they are incipient sites for the formation of a new working class.

Youth, Sexuality and Sexual Citizenship

Sexual citizenship is a powerful concept associated with debates about recognition and exclusion, agency, respect and accountability. For young people in general and for gender and sexually diverse youth in particular, these debates are entangled with broader imaginings of social transitions: from ‘child’ to ‘adult’and from ‘unreasonable subject’ to one ‘who can consent’. This international and interdisciplinary collection identifies and locates struggles for recognition and inclusion in particular contexts and at particular moments in time, recognising that sexual and gender diverse young people are neither entirely vulnerable nor self-reliant. Focusing on the numerous domains in which debates about youth, sexuality and citizenship are enacted and contested, Youth, Sexuality and Sexual Citizenship explores young people’s experiences in diverse but linked settings: in the family, at school and in college, in employment, in social media and through engagement with health services. Bookended by reflections from Jeffrey Weeks and and Susan Talburt, the book’s empirically grounded chapters also engage with the key debates outlined in it's scholarly introduction. This innovative book is of interest to students and scholars of gender and sexuality, health and sex education, and youth studies, from a range of disciplinary and professional backgrounds, including sociology, education, nursing, social work and youth work.


Youth Outdoor Education

Self Employment

Employment Help

Taiwanese Students

Business School Students

Youth Life Skills

Spanish Students


Youth Basketball

Writing for Youth

Flamborough Connects - Youth Programs

Helps link youth to volunteer opportunities in the community. Summer service links student employees with prospective employers. Seminars occasionally provided on career planning, job placement skills and work etiquette.

Flamborough Connects - Youth Programs

Helps link youth to volunteer opportunities in the community. Summer service links student employees with prospective employers. Seminars occasionally provided on career planning, job placement skills and work etiquette.

Halton District School Board - Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program - Burlington - New St

School-to-work transition program offered through Ontario secondary schools.

* students earn cooperative education credits in grades 11 and 12 through work placements in skilled trades

Halton Catholic District School Board - Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program - Burlington - Drury Lane - Catholic Education Centre

School-to-work transition program offered through Ontario secondary schools.

* students earn cooperative education credits in grades 11 and 12 through work placements in skilled trades

Mohawk College - Co-op Services

Provides support to Mohawk co-op students and to employers seeking to hire or currently working with co-op students from Mohawk College. A free job posting service offered.

Métis Nation of Ontario - Education and Training - Hamilton Mountain Central

Provides a full range of employment training programs and supports for the educational success of all Métis across Ontario beginning in early childhood, continuing through K to 12 to post-secondary education and into adulthood.

John Howard Society of Hamilton, Burlington & Area - HWDSB Youth Worker Contract for the Grade 12 and 12+ initiative and the Urban Priorities Initiative

Provides Youth Worker contracted services to these initiatives to support students who are at risk of not completing grade 12 or who have returned to school to complete grade 12. The services supports training and facilitation of restorative justice to further explore goal development, social, emotional, and cognitive skill development. The aim is to support students to reach success and graduate Grade 12.

Halton. Small Business Centre - Youth Entrepreneur Programs - Summer Company - Halton Regional Centre

As part of a province-wide youth entrepreneurship strategy, the Ministry of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade offers Summer Company delivered by Halton Region Small Business Centre.

* provides hands-on business training and mentoring if your application is accepted with awards of up to $3,000 (up to $1,500 for start-up costs, and up to $1,500 after successful completion of the program)
* helps enterprising students start and run their own summer business and develop entrepreneurial skills and experience
* must be between the ages of 15 and 29, returning to school in the fall of 2018 * application deadline: May 16, 2018
* business plans for program via online applications only
* competitive program with limited spaces that fill up quickly

Indus Community Services - Settlement Services for International Students - Oakville Office

A program to support international students by providing settlement services.

The program provides:
* settlement counselling and orientation to Canada
* information about employment opportunities and regulations
* information on housing, healthcare & financial support
* referrals to appropriate community resources
* assistance with documentation & form filling

Ontario. Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities - Apprenticeship Office, Hamilton - Hamilton Central - Apprenticeship Office

Registration and support for new apprentices who have arranged a sponsoring employer * prior education and related work experience may be considered * consultation for sponsoring employers

Apprenticeship Scholarship -- $1,000 scholarship upon completion of academic upgrading, for registered apprentices younger than 25 years who left school before completing the necessary academic requirements for registering in a trade, who are committed to achieving the necessary academic requirements within one year, and who demonstrate an interest in the skilled trades

Co-op Diploma Apprenticeship Program (CODA) -- allows college students to receive apprenticeship training while earning a diploma * registrants must meet apprenticeship requirements as well as all eligibility criteria for the specific college program (see individual listings) * apply directly through the college

Loans for Tools -- interest-free loans to newly registered apprentices for purchase of tools * contact office for details on eligibility and amounts available

Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP) -- school-to-work transition program offered through Ontario secondary schools * students earn cooperative education credits in grades 11 and 12 through work placements in skilled trades * interested students full-time high school students 16 years and older entering Grade 11 should contact their guidance counsellor, co-op education teacher or the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program Coordinator for the local school board or contact the local Apprenticeship Office

Pre-Apprenticeship Training Program -- job skill development and trade readiness for unemployed individuals wanting careers in skilled trades * programs are at various community locations, and up to 52 weeks long including a minimum 8-12 week work placement * free, with costs covered for tuition, textbooks, safety equipment and tools

Graduated Apprenticeship Grant for Employers (GAGE) -- to help with the cost of training apprentices in more than 100 eligible trades * bonuses for apprentices from underrepresented groups * Apprenticeship Completion Employer Bonus -- for trades that are not eligible for GAGE This office offers on-site exams.

Ernest C Drury School for the Deaf - Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program

School-to-work transition program offered through Ontario secondary schools.

* students earn cooperative education credits in grades 11 and 12 through work placements in skilled trades

Mohawk College - Ontario Employment Services

Comprehensive employment and job search services. Assessment of skills, interests and experience. Job search strategies, including resume preparation. Information about careers and occupations, local labour market, employment and training opportunities, on-the-job training, work experience, and help in maintaining employment. Information and referral to other employment and community services

Youth Job Link – youth-focused career exploration and career management workshops * job search, readiness and matching assistance for year-round part-time or summer jobs

Second Career Program -- skills training and financial support for laid-off workers

Services for employers -- help in identifying human resource skills requirements * matching of workplace needs to workers' skills, capabilities, interests and experience * support for developing on-the-job training plans and monitoring of placements to support retention

Canada-Ontario Job Grant -- financial support for individual employers to purchase training for their employees * available to small, medium and large businesses planning to deliver short-term training for existing or new employees Youth Job Connection -- paid pre-employment training * job matching * paid job placements with placement supports for participants and hiring incentives for employers * mentorship * education and work transitions supports Youth Job Connection Summer -- summer job opportunities and part-time job placements during the year