Unemployment & Job Loss - Employment

Being unemployed is very hard. The financial consequences can be devastating, as well as the emotional distress to individuals, relationships, and families. Despite actively looking for work, Canadian employment statistics estimate that up to 1.3 million people are currently unemployed. (thestar.com). Employment resource centres within your community can offer information and assistance to help with many aspects of unemployment. Resources range from information on how to apply for employment insurance benefits from the government of Canada, to job and skills training information, resume writing, interview preparation, and job listings. There are also employment laws in place in Canada to protect the relationship between employers and employees. If you have recently been laid off or let go from your company, and feel you have been subjected to a wrongful dismissal, or you would like to have your compensation package assessed or are wondering what your legal rights are, there are professionals who can assist you. We know that being unemployed can be overwhelming, and you may not know the best place to start in finding a job or reviewing your unemployment situation. Luckily, we have the resources that can help.

You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.

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A place to ask questions and provide advice on searching for work.

The Oxford Handbook of Job Loss and Job Search

Job search is and always has been an integral part of people's working lives. Whether one is brand new to the labor market or considered a mature, experienced worker, job seekers are regularly met with new challenges in a variety of organizational settings. Edited by Ute-Christine Klehe and Edwin A.J. van Hooft, The Oxford Handbook of Job Loss and Job Search provides readers with one of the first comprehensive overviews of the latest research and empirical knowledge in the areas of job loss and job search. Multidisciplinary in nature, Klehe, van Hooft, and their contributing authors offer fascinating insight into the diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives from which job loss and job search have been studied, such as psychology, sociology, labor studies, and economics. Discussing the antecedents and consequences of job loss, as well as outside circumstances that may necessitate a more rigorous job hunt, this Handbook presents in-depth and up-to-date knowledge on the methods and processes of this important time in one's life. Further, it examines the unique circumstances faced by different populations during their job search, such as those working job-to-job, the unemployed, mature job seekers, international job seekers, and temporary employed workers. Job loss and unemployment are among the worst stressors individuals can encounter during their lifetimes. As a result, this Handbook concludes with a discussion of the various types of interventions developed to aid the unemployed. Further, it offers readers important insights and identifies best practices for both scholars and practitioners working in the areas of job loss, unemployment, career transitions, outplacement, and job search.

Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2010-2021

The United States faces daunting economic and budgetary challenges. The economy has struggled to recover from the recent recession, which was triggered by a large decline in house prices and a financial crisis—events unlike anything this country has seen since the Great Depression. During the recovery, the pace of growth in the nation's output has been anemic compared with that during most other recoveries since World War II, and the unemployment rate has remained quite high. For the federal government, the sharply lower revenues and elevated spending deriving from the financial turmoil and severe drop in economic activity—combined with the costs of various policies implemented in response to those conditions and an imbalance between revenues and spending that predated the recession—have caused budget deficits to surge in the past two years. The deficits of $1.4 trillion in 2009 and $1.3 trillion in 2010 are, when measured as a share of gross domestic product (GDP), the largest since 1945—representing 10.0 percent and 8.9 percent of the nation's output, respectively. For 2011, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projects that if current laws remain unchanged, the federal budget will show a deficit of close to $1.5 trillion, or 9.8 percent of GDP. The deficits in CBO's baseline projections drop markedly over the next few years as a share of output and average 3.1 percent of GDP from 2014 to 2021. Those projections, however, are based on the assumption that tax and spending policies unfold as specified in current law. Consequently, they understate the budget deficits that would occur if many policies currently in place were continued, rather than allowed to expire as scheduled under current law.

Unemployment Insurance and Non-Standard Employment

Four European Countries in Comparison

The importance of non-standard employment forms has increased over the last decades. Janine Leschke addresses two important questions in this regard. First, do workers with part-time and temporary contracts face greater risks of becoming unemployed than those with regular contracts? Secondly, how far are they disadvantaged in terms of access to and level of unemployment benefits? The author compares the design of unemployment benefit systems in Denmark, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. After discussing the development and role of non-standard employment in these countries, she examines the relevant features of unemployment insurance systems such as hours and earning thresholds and minimum contribution requirements. Her empirical analysis shows that non-standard workers are more likely to become unemployed or inactive and are disadvantaged in their entitlements to unemployment benefits.

Global Unemployment

Loss of Jobs in the '90s

A collection of papers that address unemployment as a social phenomenon. It suggests there are solutions if society is willing to take the steps necessary to find and implement them. Focus is on the persistent unemployment in the USA and the UK.

Anthropologies of Unemployment

New Perspectives on Work and Its Absence

Anthropologies of Unemployment offers accessible, theoretically innovative, and ethnographically rich examinations of unemployment in rural and urban regions across North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The diversity of case studies demonstrates that unemployment is a pressing global phenomenon that sheds light on the uneven consequences of free-market ideologies and policies. Economic, social, and cultural marginalization is common in the lives of the unemployed, but their experience and interpretation are shaped by local and national cultural particularities. In exploring those differences, the contributors to this volume employ recent theoretical innovations and engage with some of the more salient topics in contemporary anthropology, such as globalization, migration, youth cultures, bureaucracy, class, gender, and race. Taken together, the chapters reveal that there is something new about unemployment today. It is not a temporary occurrence, but a chronic condition. In adjusting to persistent, longstanding unemployment, people and groups create new understandings of unemployment as well as of work and employment; they improvise new forms of sociality, morality, and personhood. Ethnographic studies such as those found in Anthropologies of Unemployment are crucial if we are to understand the broader forms, meanings, and significance of pervasive economic insecurity and discover the emergence of new social and cultural possibilities. Contributors Josh Fisher, High Point University David Karjanen, University of Minnesota Ann E. Kingsolver, University of Kentucky Jong Bum Kwon, Webster University Carrie M. Lane, California State University, Fullerton Caitrin Lynch, Olin College Daniel Mains, University of Oklahoma John P. Murphy, Gettysburg College Mariano D. Perelman, University of Buenos Aires Frances Abrahamer Rothstein, Montclair State University Claudia Strauss, Pitzer College

The Disposable Work Force

Worker Displacement and Employment Instability in America

Drawing both upon a case study of a plant closing in Wisconsin and the results of national labor force surveys, this book examines productivity slowdown, increased disparity in earnings and income, and higher average unemployment that have resulted from employment instability. It also assesses ways in which incidences of displacement and earnings loss have begun to affect groups long sheltered from labor market turbulence.

The Jobs Crisis

Household and Government Responses to the Great Recession in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

The financial crisis, which began in the United States and Western Europe swiftly expanded into an economic crisis throughout developing countries. The Eastern Europe and Central Asia region was hit harder than any other region in the world. Deteriorating macroeconomic conditions led to deteriorating household welfare, as unemployment increased. Those workers who kept their jobs took home smaller paychecks. Men became more highly represented among the unemployed, and youth struggled to secure their first job.Confronted by an income shock, families tried two strategies. First, families took ste.

A company of one

insecurity, independence, and the new world of white-collar unemployment

Being laid off can be a traumatic event. The unemployed worry about how they will pay their bills and find a new job. In the American economy's boom-and-bust business cycle since the 1980s, repeated layoffs have become part of working life. In A Company of One, Carrie M. Lane finds that the new culture of corporate employment, changes to the job search process, and dual-income marriage have reshaped how today's skilled workers view unemployment. Through interviews with seventy-five unemployed and underemployed high-tech white-collar workers in the Dallas area over the course of the 2000s, Lane shows that they have embraced a new definition of employment in which all jobs are temporary and all workers are, or should be, independent "companies of one." Following the experiences of individual jobseekers over time, Lane explores the central role that organized networking events, working spouses, and neoliberal ideology play in forging and reinforcing a new individualist, pro-market response to the increasingly insecure nature of contemporary employment. She also explores how this new perspective is transforming traditional ideas about masculinity and the role of men as breadwinners. Sympathetic to the benefits that this "company of one" ideology can hold for its adherents, Lane also details how it hides the true costs of an insecure workforce and makes collective and political responses to job loss and downward mobility unlikely.

Unemployment Dynamics in the United States and West Germany

Economic Restructuring, Institutions and Labor Market Processes

In writing this book, I increasingly became aware of the extent to which much of the finest social science research has been devoted to the issue of unemployment. Unemployment rightly is a key issue in the social sciences for search of social and political answers to the economic, social and psychological distress caused by un certainty and macroeconomic change. I was glad to find my own worries shared by eminent and respected scholars: George Akerlof once confessed to pursue the study of unemployment ultimately because of his father's distress from fear of un employment, and Wout Ultee started research on unemployment from the consid eration that parents' talk about unemployment risks should not come to dominate marriage parties or other family occasions. The problem of unemployment is thus hardly confmed to actual loss of income, but one where economic insecurity be gins to undermine the very fabric of society. In consequence, to combat unem ployment should indeed be a foremost issue in societies striving for freedom and justice for their citizenry, yet to succeed obviously requires an understanding of the underlying economic realities. If this study could contribute to this endeavor, all the time spent in writing would seem well spent indeed. Against the significant body of existing social science research on unemploy ment, it seems appropriate to be clear about the scope and limitations of the cur rent study, however.

Flawed System/Flawed Self

Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Today 4.7 million Americans have been unemployed for more than six months. In France more than ten percent of the working population is without work. In Israel it’s above seven percent. And in Greece and Spain, that number approaches thirty percent. Across the developed world, the experience of unemployment has become frighteningly common—and so are the seemingly endless tactics that job seekers employ in their quest for new work. Flawed System/Flawed Self delves beneath these staggering numbers to explore the world of job searching and unemployment across class and nation. Through in-depth interviews and observations at job-search support organizations, Ofer Sharone reveals how different labor-market institutions give rise to job-search games like Israel’s résumé-based “spec games”—which are focused on presenting one’s skills to fit the job—and the “chemistry games” more common in the United States in which job seekers concentrate on presenting the person behind the résumé. By closely examining the specific day-to-day activities and strategies of searching for a job, Sharone develops a theory of the mechanisms that connect objective social structures and subjective experiences in this challenging environment and shows how these different structures can lead to very different experiences of unemployment.

The psychosocial impact of job loss

Job Loss, Identity, and Mental Health

Our jobs are often a big part of our identities, and when we are fired, we can feel confused, hurt, and powerless—at sea in terms of who we are. Drawing on extensive, real-life interviews, Job Loss, Identity, and Mental Health shines a light on the experiences of unemployed, middle-class professional men and women, showing how job loss can affect both identity and mental health. Sociologist Dawn R. Norris uses in-depth interviews to offer insight into the experience of losing a job—what it means for daily life, how the unemployed feel about it, and the process they go through as they try to deal with job loss and their new identities as unemployed people. Norris highlights several specific challenges to identity that can occur. For instance, the way other people interact with the unemployed either helps them feel sure about who they are, or leads them to question their identities. Another identity threat happens when the unemployed no longer feel they are the same person they used to be. Norris also examines the importance of the subjective meaning people give to statuses, along with the strong influence of society’s expectations. For example, men in Norris’s study often used the stereotype of the “male breadwinner” to define who they were. Job Loss, Identity, and Mental Health describes various strategies to cope with identity loss, including “shifting” away from a work-related identity and instead emphasizing a nonwork identity (such as “a parent”), or conversely “sustaining” a work-related identity even though he or she is actually unemployed. Finally, Norris explores the social factors—often out of the control of unemployed people—that make these strategies possible or impossible. A compelling portrait of a little-studied aspect of the Great Recession, Job Loss, Identity, and Mental Health is filled with insight into the identity crises that unemployment can trigger, as well as strategies to help the unemployed maintain their mental strength.

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Ontario. Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities - Employment Ontario – Second Career Program - Hamilton Central - Ellen Fairclough Bldg

Get help with the education and training needed to build a rewarding career after high school. Choose from university and college programs, apprenticeships and many other kinds of training and education.
Through Employment Ontario, employment and training network, also helps build careers, and enable learning, throughout working life. Employment Ontario connects people looking for work with employers looking for workers. It's a one-stop source of information about jobs, job search skills, training, education, and other services for employees and employers.

Mohawk College - Community Employment Services

Programs for anyone in the community seeking employment and/or training, newcomers, summer jobs, second career.
Services include:
* Employment Resource Centre
* Services for Job Seekers
* Training opportunities; access to Second Career funding
* Apprenticeship training supports
* Services for Employers
* Access to community resources
* Summer employment for youth
* Youth Job Connection

Job Centre (The)

Major services:
* job placement for persons with physical, mental health and developmental disabilities
* employment plans that outline the steps to reach a job goal
* job coaches who focus on keeping the job
* self-employment mentoring to test feasibility of new ideas

* partners with Ontario Disability Supports Program (ODSP), the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB), Centre for Skills Development, YMCA and Sheridan College on employment initiatives for people with disabilities

Halton. Employment Halton - Ontario Employment Services, Oakville Resource Centre - Oakville Resource Centre

Comprehensive employment and job search services * assessment of skills, interests and experience * job search strategies, including resume preparation * information about careers and occupations, local labour market, employment and training opportunities * on-the job training, work experience * help in maintaining employment * information and referral to other employment and community services

Youth Job Connection -- for youth 15-29 years who experience multiple barriers to employment * paid pre-employment training * job matching and paid job placements * placement supports for participants and hiring incentives for employers * mentorship * education and work transitions supports

Youth Job Connection Summer -- summer job opportunities and part-time job placements during the year

Employment & Wellness Program -- addiction and mental health program offers 16 weeks of counselling, skill development and job placement opportunities to help you obtain & maintain a job * complete an online referral at Employment Programs and Supports

Second Career Program -- skills training and financial support for laid-off workers

Services for Employers -- help in identifying their human resource skill requirements * matching of workplace needs to workers' skills, capabilities, interests and experience * support for developing on-the-job training plans and monitoring of placements to support retention

Canada-Ontario Job Grant -- financial support for individual employers to purchase training for their employees * available to small, medium and large businesses planning to deliver short-term training for existing or new employees

Job Centre (The)

Major services:
* job placement for persons with physical, mental health and developmental disabilities
* employment plans that outline the steps to reach a job goal
* job coaches who focus on keeping the job
* self-employment mentoring to test feasibility of new ideas

* partners with Ontario Disability Supports Program (ODSP), the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB), Centre for Skills Development, YMCA and Sheridan College on employment initiatives for people with disabilities

CNIB, Vision Loss Rehabilitation Ontario - Literacy and Basic Skills - Hamilton East - West Region

Literacy, numeracy and essential skills services to assist in transitioning to employment, apprenticeship, secondary-school credit, post-secondary education or independence

Halton. Employment Halton - Ontario Employment Services, Oakville Resource Centre - Oakville Resource Centre

Comprehensive employment and job search services * assessment of skills, interests and experience * job search strategies, including resume preparation * information about careers and occupations, local labour market, employment and training opportunities * on-the job training, work experience * help in maintaining employment * information and referral to other employment and community services

Youth Job Connection -- for youth 15-29 years who experience multiple barriers to employment * paid pre-employment training * job matching and paid job placements * placement supports for participants and hiring incentives for employers * mentorship * education and work transitions supports

Youth Job Connection Summer -- summer job opportunities and part-time job placements during the year

Employment & Wellness Program -- addiction and mental health program offers 16 weeks of counselling, skill development and job placement opportunities to help you obtain & maintain a job * complete an online referral at Employment Programs and Supports

Second Career Program -- skills training and financial support for laid-off workers

Services for Employers -- help in identifying their human resource skill requirements * matching of workplace needs to workers' skills, capabilities, interests and experience * support for developing on-the-job training plans and monitoring of placements to support retention

Canada-Ontario Job Grant -- financial support for individual employers to purchase training for their employees * available to small, medium and large businesses planning to deliver short-term training for existing or new employees

Autism LifePath - Autism Job Club - Mailing Address

Provides a network for social and technical support with skills development delivered through group training and potential one-on-one mentoring.
* meets twice a month for peer-to-peer and parent-to-parent support
* provides professional guidance and skills training towards finding employment

Canadian Hearing Society - Hamilton Central - Regional Office

Provider of services, products, and information that remove barriers to communication, advance hearing health, and promote equity for people who are culturally Deaf, oral deaf, deafened and hard of hearing.

Programs offered:
* Ontario Interpreter Services
* Emergency Interpreter Services
* CONNECT Counselling Services
* ASL Education Program

YMCA of Hamilton, Burlington, and Brantford - Ontario Employment Services - Burlington - YMCA Employment & Training Services

Comprehensive employment and job search services * assessment of skills, interests and experience * job search strategies, including resume preparation * information about careers and occupations, local labour market, employment and training opportunities * on-the job training, work experience * help in maintaining employment * information and referral to other employment and community services

Youth Job Connection -- paid pre-employment training * job matching and paid job placements * placement supports for participants and hiring incentives for employers * mentorship * education and work transitions supports

Youth Job Connection Summer -- summer job opportunities and part-time job placements during the year

Second Career Program -- skills training and financial support for laid-off workers

Services for employers -- help in identifying their human resource skill requirements * matching of workplace needs to workers' skills, capabilities, interests and experience * support for developing on-the-job training plans and monitoring of placements to support retention

Canada-Ontario Job Grant -- financial support for individual employers to purchase training for their employees * available to small, medium and large businesses planning to deliver short-term training for existing or new employees

Christians Against Poverty

Offers free debt counselling, employment assistance, money management courses, and befriending to deliver a holistic and in-depth debt counselling service to those who need extra support.

CNIB, Vision Loss Rehabilitation Ontario - Literacy and Basic Skills - Hamilton East - West Region

Literacy, numeracy and essential skills services to assist in transitioning to employment, apprenticeship, secondary-school credit, post-secondary education or independence