Postpartum Depression - Mental Health

The first few hours, days, and weeks after having a baby can be wonderful, but can also be difficult challenges for new parents who find themselves facing the challenges of caring for a newborn. The physical and emotional stress can be difficult, and the highs and lows that many new parents face are typically referred to as “the baby blues”. This usually passes after a short time. However, some new parents may continue to wrestle with their emotions and suffer from an ongoing form of depression called Postpartum Depression. They may feel a range of emotions, including sadness, anxiety, guilt, and hopelessness. They often lose interest in activities they once enjoyed, start over-eating or have a loss of appetite, experience fatigue, insomnia, and in severe cases, may have suicidal thoughts or attempt to commit suicide. Postpartum depression can be experienced by either parent, however, mothers are more commonly affected. A range of treatments are available. If you, or a friend or loved one need empathetic and understanding sources of support and information to help manage postpartum depression Kinjunxion is here to help. We are here to provide you with the resources you need.

You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.

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Perinatal and Postpartum Mood Disorders

Perspectives and Treatment Guide for the Health Care Practitioner

"As a psychotherapist and educator of future mental health practitioners, I believe this work fills an important gap in reference books for professionals who care for childbearing women. Since the volume provides invaluable neurobiological research on depression and anxiety, I recommend this work to all health and mental health professionals."--Illness, Crisis and Loss Over the past three years, pregnancy related mood disorders have become the focus of health care advocates and legislators alike with subsequent reflection in nationwide media. Statistics on the prevalence of perinatal mood disorders suggest that up to 20% of women experience diagnosable pregnancy related mood disorders. The growing recognition of these common disorders, coupled with an increasing knowledge base about the dire consequences of untreated maternal depression, has propelled this issue to the fore of national public health priorities. This increasing awareness has also resulted in recent legislative and healthcare initiatives to screen, assess, and treat such disorders. On April 13, 2006, Governor Jon S. Corzine (D -NJ) signed a law requiring all new mothers to be educated and screened for postpartum depression. This law is the first of its kind in the country, but many states and federal advocates are proposing similar laws. The motivation for states and the federal government to adopt education and screening program is high and may soon be a federal mandate. But a major barrier to successful implementation of such programs is the lack of available resources to train healthcare professionals in this specialty. This book offers a major resource for healthcare professionals, mental health professionals, and medical, nursing, psychology, and social work students who will be confronting this problem in their practices. The contributions, by renowned experts, fill a glaring gap in the knowledge professionals need in order to successfully manage maternal mental health.

Beyond the Blues

Understanding and Treating Prenatal and Postpartum Depression & Anxiety

Beyond the Blues contains the most up-to-date information about risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mood and anxiety disorders in pregnancy and postpartum. Straightforward yet compassionate, it is required reading for all who work with pregnant and postpartum women, as well as for those suffering before or after the baby is born. "An indispensable guide to understanding and treating prenatal and postpartum depression. This book is a gift not only to healthcare providers but also to family and friends of mothers suffering from these devastating perinatal mood disorders." -Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, CNM, FAAN Professor, University of Connecticut, School of Nursing Coauthor of Postpartum Depression Screening Scale "In Beyond the Blues, Bennett and Indman offer a compact yet surprisingly comprehensive manual on prenatal and postpartum depression. Readable and practical, they systematically address screening and assessment, finding a therapist, myths about nursing and bonding, and treatment. Interesting and helpful are suggestions for family and friends. For health professionals, there is detailed diagnostic and treatment information. Beyond the Blues is a quick read with an easy-to-handle format. Recommended for consumer health and health sciences collections." -Library Journal "This book will be of great help for both women and their health care providers, providing information on all aspects of depression in pregnancy and in the post-postpartum, including safety/risk of medication therapy." -Adrienne Einarson RN Assistant Director, The Motherisk Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada

Treating Postnatal Depression

A Psychological Approach for Health Care Practitioners

This book draws together a wide range of current theories and research into a comprehensive framework for therapeutic interventions in women suffering depression following childbearing. The authors outline clinical guidelines and detailed intervention prodedures that have been found to be highly effective at reducing the symptoms of depression, improving maternal functioning and self-esteem, treating marital/partner issues, dealing with parent-infant difficulties and helping clients to maximise available support networks.

The Mother-to-mother Postpartum Depression Support Book

Real Stories from Women who Lived Through it and Recovered

A supportive handbook for women suffering from postpartum depression draws on the wisdom, experiences, and advice of fellow sufferers to present a complete guide to PPD, its symptoms, causes, and treatment strategies. Original.

Overcoming Postpartum Depression and Anxiety

Every year nearly 400,000 women—approximately 15 percent of all new mothers—face postpartum disorders. Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy, yet few understand it or are prepared to deal with it. This book examines the symptoms, causes, and treatment of postpartum depression. Topics covered include: risk factors for postpartum disorders, effects of a mother's depression on her baby, how medications and psychotherapy can help, mental health treatments and medications, and emotional support for new fathers.

Understanding Postpartum Psychosis

A Temporary Madness

Threaded with in-depth stories from women who experienced postpartum psychosis - including one who committed infanticide - this unique and absorbing work offers psychological, medical, legal, and historical perspectives on this potentially deadly mental illness.

Postpartum Mood Disorders

Summarizing these recent advances in theory, research, and treatment, the book hypothesizes that the traditional categories of postpartum mood disorders -- postpartum "blues," postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis -- are not necessarily on a continuum.

Postpartum Depression For Dummies

It's a great blessing when a new mom with postpartum depression (PPD) is fortunate enough to be diagnosed early by a knowledgeable medical practitioner or therapist. But without guidance, it isn't always clear where the boundary between normal baby blues and PPD lies. As with any other illness, the quicker that PPD is identified and treated, the faster the woman will recover. Postpartum Depression For Dummies can help you begin the process of determining what’s going on with you and give you a better idea of where you fall so that you can get yourself into proper treatment right away. The book covers all aspects of PPD, from its history and its origins to its effects on women and their families to the wide variety of treatments available—including conventional Western medicine, psychological therapy, alternative medical treatments, and self-care measures. Postpartum Depression For Dummies reveals: Why some doctors may be hush-hush about PPD How to distinguish between pregnancy hormone changes, "baby blues," and PPD The difficulties of getting a proper diagnosis The role and importance of a therapist The benefits of medication for depression Alternative treatments with a successful track record How to find the right balance of psychological, medical, and alternative treatment Ways you can help foster recovery The nutrition you need to care for yourself properly How to help your partner help you Postpartum Depression For Dummies also provides the additional resources you need—web sites, organizations, and further reading—to help avoid the unnecessary suffering caused by undiagnosed and untreated PPD and survive and thrive as a new mom.

This Isn't What I Expected [2nd edition]

Overcoming Postpartum Depression

"Pregnancy/Parenting: 1 in 5 postpartum women suffer from disorders on the postpartum spectrum; another 20-30% of new mothers deal with above-average anxiety. First published in 1994, this go-to resource for postpartum depression has been completely revised and updated, helping women--and their partners--sort through all the noise and myths so they can focus on getting the help they need"--

Conquering Postpartum Depression

A Proven Plan For Recovery

Each year over 400,000 new mothers experience a range of negative emotional reactions-categorized as postpartum depression (PPD). Yet most obstetricians misunderstand and mistreat PPD, prescribing a single-therapy, simplistic approach that frequently falls short of curing the patient.Based on the authors' research and unique, highly successful treatment, Conquering Postpartum Depression outlines a groundbreaking multidisciplinary action plan for beating PPD, including a combination of talk therapy, new-parent counseling, and in many cases the safe use of antidepressant medications even while pregnant or breastfeeding. With the newest information on how genetic factors and pre-existing conditions can contribute to PPD, Conquering Postpartum Depression is the book that new mothers and even doctors reach to for authoritative and reassuring counsel.

A Breastfeeding-Friendly Approach to Depression

A Resource Guide for Health Care Providers

When new mothers gets depressed, health care providers are often quick to suggest that they stop breastfeeding. These providers often believe that they are doing mothers a favor by giving them "permission" to not be "supermom." This advice is often contrary to what mothers want to do and these mothers may experience weaning as another significant loss. Moreover, the sad truth is that stopping breaestfeeding is often completely unnecessary. Mothers can continue to breastfeed while recovering from depression. In fact, recent studies have shown that breastfeeding can aid in their recovery. A Breastfeeding-Friendly Approach to Postpartum Depression is the first volume that specifically supports the depressed, breastfeeding mother. Written in an accessible, easy-to-read format, A Breastfeeding-Friendly Approach to Postpartum Depression combines recent scientific research with practical suggestions to help health care providers assist in women's recovery from depression while honoring and supporting the breastfeeding relationship. Video links and assessment tools are also included. If you want to support breastfeeding mothers, this volume is a must for your library.

Postpartum Depression and Child Development

One in ten women suffers from an episode of significant depression following the birth of a baby. These depressions can have a profoundly negative effect on the quality of the mother infant relationship and, in turn, on the course of child development itself. The first book in a decade to deal exclusively with the impact of postpartum depression on child development, this groundbreaking volume brings together rigorous and sophisticated research from eighteen of the leading authorities in the field.

Mental Health Counselors

Financial Health & Literacy

Mental Health Advocacy

Mental Health Peer Support

Mental Health Education

Mental Health Recovery

Exercise Mental Health

Mental Health Issues

Mental Health & Wellness

St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton - Women's Health Concerns Clinic - West 5th Campus, Level 1, Block C

Provides assessment, consultation, and treatment for women who are experiencing mood problems related to reproductive issues (i.e. mentrual cycle, childbearing, or menopause). Offers evaluation and treatment for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), changes in mood related to pregnancy and the postpartum period, and symptoms related to the menopausal transition.

St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton - Women's Health Concerns Clinic - West 5th Campus, Level 1, Block C

Provides assessment, consultation, and treatment for women who are experiencing mood problems related to reproductive issues (i.e. mentrual cycle, childbearing, or menopause). Offers evaluation and treatment for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), changes in mood related to pregnancy and the postpartum period, and symptoms related to the menopausal transition.

Trillium Health Partners - Women's Reproductive Mental Health Program - Credit Valley Hospital

Provides assessment, consultation and treatment for women who experience emotional and or mental health issues during pregnancy or during the postpartum period * inter-professional team including a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a nurse and a social worker


Services provided:
  • diagnostic consultation
  • medication consultation
  • individual therapy
  • marital therapy
  • support group
  • partner education workshops
  • bereavement counseling

Trillium Health Partners - Women's Reproductive Mental Health Program - Credit Valley Hospital

Provides assessment, consultation and treatment for women who experience emotional and or mental health issues during pregnancy or during the postpartum period * inter-professional team including a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a nurse and a social worker


Services provided:
  • diagnostic consultation
  • medication consultation
  • individual therapy
  • marital therapy
  • support group
  • partner education workshops
  • bereavement counseling

Trillium Health Partners - Women's Reproductive Mental Health Program - Credit Valley Hospital

Provides assessment, consultation and treatment for women who experience emotional and or mental health issues during pregnancy or during the postpartum period * inter-professional team including a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a nurse and a social worker


Services provided:
  • diagnostic consultation
  • medication consultation
  • individual therapy
  • marital therapy
  • support group
  • partner education workshops
  • bereavement counseling

Joseph Brant Hospital - Community Mental Health Outpatient Services - Burlington - Joseph Brant Community Health Centre (Brant Centre)

Community Mental Health provides a continuum of care from assessment or consultation, to specialized treatment supports for clients with complex and serious mental health disorders.

Child and Adolescent Clinic (CAP)
Provides support to children/youth under the age of 18 years.
* Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist works with Social Worker to assess and provide treatment recommendations on complex cases.

Concurrent Disorders Clinic (Addictions & Mental Illness)
Specialized assessments of clients with co-occurring mental health and addictions disorders.
* psychiatrists work with Social Worker to identify clients who would benefit from longer term individual treatment.
* clinic staff also provide "Health & Hope Group," a 10-week psycho-educational support group for people who experience difficulties with both a mental health issue and substance abuse issue.

Early Intervention in Psychosis (Phoenix)
Regional clinical program provides service to clients 14-40 years of age experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
* jointly managed by Joseph Brant Hospital, Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, ADAPT, and the Halton-Peel Schizophrenia Society.
* for more information, see separate record here

General Psychiatrist Consultation Clinic
Assessment, medication review, and treatment recommendations via a "shared care" model with family physicians.
* follow up appointments provided as necessary for more complex cases to ensure the efficacy of medications prescribed and that the recommended treatment plan is working for the client.

Geriatric Psychiatric Consultation Service
Supports clients aged 65 and older who are residents of Burlington, for more details see separate record here

Halton Homes (homelessness service)
Provides clinical support to Halton Homes service which targets mental health clients at risk of being homeless and provides both clinical case management and housing supports.
* Ontario Ministry of Health supportive housing initiative, lead agency is Summit Housing and Outreach Program.
* for more information see separate records here

PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment)
Community outreach program of Halton Region, is housed at Joseph Brant serving all Halton residents, see separate record here

PHAST (Prioritizing Health through Acute Stabilization and Treatment)
Access to mental health and addiction services for individuals 16 and older with mental health and/or addiction concerns who have an urgent need for acute stabilization and intervention
* multidisciplinary model, which includes the services of a registered nurse, addictions specialists, social workers, a child and youth intensive worker, a peer support worker, an occupational therapist, a transitional age youth social worker, a case manager and clerical support
* treatment includes stabilization and referral to social service agency partners through a combination of group and one-on-one sessions for individuals and their families

Treatment Services
Available through referral from a physician:
1. Short Term Treatment
Meets the needs of individuals who are experiencing mental health issues such as mood or anxiety disorders.
* assessment, psychiatric evaluation, treatment planning, skill development and coordination of community resources.
* an average of 12 therapy sessions is offered.
* clinicians also offer treatment via several groups, e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for clients with depression or anxiety.

2. Intensive Case Management
Inter-professional team offers comprehensive outreach services to adult clients and their families.
* addresses the multiple needs of clients with predominantly psychotic or severe mood disorders (eg. bipolar) and focuses on the client's goals and effective community reintegration.

3. Medication Clinic
Operates with both RN and Psychiatrist support for the follow up of primarily a chronic population.
* goals are to facilitate the optimal use of psychotropic medications with a view to prevent/reduce hospitalizations and Emergency Department visits, ensure client stability in the community and support clients in maintaining adequate functioning and an enhanced quality of life.

Recovery Canada - Burlington Groups - No Physical Address

Major Services:
* weekly group meetings to support those with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem, open to the public and visitors to join and observe
* monthly leaders training for interested members who have attended Recovery Canada groups for at least six months

Website includes more information on the Recovery method as well as information on the meeting places, telephone meetings, chat rooms, and online meetings (see here)

Joseph Brant Hospital - Community Mental Health Outpatient Services - Burlington - Joseph Brant Community Health Centre (Brant Centre)

Community Mental Health provides a continuum of care from assessment or consultation, to specialized treatment supports for clients with complex and serious mental health disorders.

Child and Adolescent Clinic (CAP)
Provides support to children/youth under the age of 18 years.
* Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist works with Social Worker to assess and provide treatment recommendations on complex cases.

Concurrent Disorders Clinic (Addictions & Mental Illness)
Specialized assessments of clients with co-occurring mental health and addictions disorders.
* psychiatrists work with Social Worker to identify clients who would benefit from longer term individual treatment.
* clinic staff also provide "Health & Hope Group," a 10-week psycho-educational support group for people who experience difficulties with both a mental health issue and substance abuse issue.

Early Intervention in Psychosis (Phoenix)
Regional clinical program provides service to clients 14-40 years of age experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
* jointly managed by Joseph Brant Hospital, Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, ADAPT, and the Halton-Peel Schizophrenia Society.
* for more information, see separate record here

General Psychiatrist Consultation Clinic
Assessment, medication review, and treatment recommendations via a "shared care" model with family physicians.
* follow up appointments provided as necessary for more complex cases to ensure the efficacy of medications prescribed and that the recommended treatment plan is working for the client.

Geriatric Psychiatric Consultation Service
Supports clients aged 65 and older who are residents of Burlington, for more details see separate record here

Halton Homes (homelessness service)
Provides clinical support to Halton Homes service which targets mental health clients at risk of being homeless and provides both clinical case management and housing supports.
* Ontario Ministry of Health supportive housing initiative, lead agency is Summit Housing and Outreach Program.
* for more information see separate records here

PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment)
Community outreach program of Halton Region, is housed at Joseph Brant serving all Halton residents, see separate record here

PHAST (Prioritizing Health through Acute Stabilization and Treatment)
Access to mental health and addiction services for individuals 16 and older with mental health and/or addiction concerns who have an urgent need for acute stabilization and intervention
* multidisciplinary model, which includes the services of a registered nurse, addictions specialists, social workers, a child and youth intensive worker, a peer support worker, an occupational therapist, a transitional age youth social worker, a case manager and clerical support
* treatment includes stabilization and referral to social service agency partners through a combination of group and one-on-one sessions for individuals and their families

Treatment Services
Available through referral from a physician:
1. Short Term Treatment
Meets the needs of individuals who are experiencing mental health issues such as mood or anxiety disorders.
* assessment, psychiatric evaluation, treatment planning, skill development and coordination of community resources.
* an average of 12 therapy sessions is offered.
* clinicians also offer treatment via several groups, e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for clients with depression or anxiety.

2. Intensive Case Management
Inter-professional team offers comprehensive outreach services to adult clients and their families.
* addresses the multiple needs of clients with predominantly psychotic or severe mood disorders (eg. bipolar) and focuses on the client's goals and effective community reintegration.

3. Medication Clinic
Operates with both RN and Psychiatrist support for the follow up of primarily a chronic population.
* goals are to facilitate the optimal use of psychotropic medications with a view to prevent/reduce hospitalizations and Emergency Department visits, ensure client stability in the community and support clients in maintaining adequate functioning and an enhanced quality of life.

Spectra Helpline - Postpartum Family Support Line - Brampton - Hurontario St

Answered by trained staff and volunteers who provide caring, emotional support to women and their families during the prenatal and postpartum period

Hamilton Mental Health Outreach

A community mental health organization that provides client-directed intensive case management services for adults who have a serious and persistent mental illness.

Parents for Children's Mental Health - Family Support Group - Burlington Chapter

Peer to peer support group for parents of children and youth with mental health disorders/illnesses
* provide support, education, and empowerment by linking networks of families, communities, agencies and government

Halton Healthcare - Mental Health - Outpatient Services - Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital

The mental health program at OTMH provides a comprehensive range of outpatient services to children, youth, adults, and seniors * services include psychiatric consultation and assessment, treatment, community outreach, day programming, bridging support, and community education workshops


Outpatient services for adults:
  • Community Support Team (provides long-term case management to enable individuals with severe and persistent mental illnesses to attain self-sufficiency, stability and integration into the community)
  • Community Treatment Order (CTO) (allows individuals with severe and persistent mental illness to receive treatment, support and supervision in their own community)
  • Concurrent Disorders Program (offers help to individuals who have a concurrent addiction and mental health issue)
  • Crisis Response Team 1-877-825-9011
  • Older Adult Mental Health Clinic (provides assessment, consultation, treatment and follow-up services to older persons with mental health issues, including behavioural and psychological complications associated with neurodegenerative diseases)
  • Halton Geriatric Mental Health Outreach Program 905-681-8233
  • Mental Health Day Program (six week intensive group program * focused on crisis management, symptom stabilization, education, group and individual counselling and the coordination of resources for follow-up after discharge)
  • Medication Clinic (provides long-term medication management for adults diagnosed with serious and persistent psychiatric illnesses)
  • Medication Review Clinic (provides short-term psychiatric assessment, treatment initiation and stabilization to individuals who are followed by family physicians in Halton)
  • Outpatient Psychotherapy Services (individual and group therapy for individuals experiencing depression and anxiety disorders)
  • Phoenix Program, Early Intervention Service for Psychosis (clinical partnership between Joseph Brant Hospital, Halton Healthcare, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, Halton ADAPT and the Schizophrenia Society of Ontario that provides comprehensive clinical services for individuals in their first episode of psychosis)

Outpatient services for children and adolescents: 905-845-2571 ext 4900
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatient Service (CAPIS) Day Hospital (provides assessment, stabilization, and treatment for children and youth, up to the age of 17 years, experiencing acute mental health symptoms)
  • Child and Youth Outpatient Services (offers specialized programming for transitional aged youth, attention deficit disorders, and anxiety)
  • Eating Disorders Clinic (provides multidisciplinary consultations, assessment and short-term treatment to meet the needs of children, youth and their family members)
  • Navigator Service (provides short term support and case management to children, youth and their families as they navigate through the mental health system and transition to longer term services)
  • Phoenix Program, Early Intervention Service for Psychosis 905-845-2571 ext 4800;
  • Recovery Through Education for Adolescents and Children in Halton (REACH) (provides intensive mental health treatment and education services in a local community high school to prevent hospitalization or to support students as they transition from the inpatient unit into a community setting) 


Services and Programs:
  • CAPIS Day Hospital