Criminal Justice - Mental Health

Criminal justice in Canada is handled at the federal level - meaning the Criminal Code of Canada sets out laws that apply to all Canadians. Criminal offenses are either indictable - where the law broken is a serious one, such as break and enter, drug trafficking, or murder, and go to trial by Jury. Less serious offenses are called summary convictions, such as causing a disturbance, and are handled in court by a judge, with lesser sentences. Mental health plays a large role in those convicted of crimes in Canada. Factors such as homelessness, poverty, trauma and existing mental illness can cause people to act in ways that break criminal laws. According to The 2011–2012 Annual Report of the Correctional Investigator, 36% of federal offenders were identified as requiring psychiatric or psychological evaluation or follow-up, and 45% of male inmates and 69% of female inmates received institutional mental health care services. If you have general questions regarding what is included in the Criminal Code of Canada, how mental health plays a role, would like legal information or assistance, or are looking for resources regarding mental health evaluations for offenses in Canada, we have what you are looking for.

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Insane

America's Criminal Treatment of Mental Illness

An urgent exposé of the mental health crisis in our courts, jails, and prisons America has made mental illness a crime. Jails in New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago each house more people with mental illnesses than any hospital. As many as half of all people in America's jails and prisons have a psychiatric disorder. One in four fatal police shootings involves a person with such disorders. In this revelatory book, journalist Alisa Roth goes deep inside the criminal justice system to show how and why it has become a warehouse where inmates are denied proper treatment, abused, and punished in ways that make them sicker. Through intimate stories of people in the system and those trying to fix it, Roth reveals the hidden forces behind this crisis and suggests how a fairer and more humane approach might look. Insane is a galvanizing wake-up call for criminal justice reformers and anyone concerned about the plight of our most vulnerable.

Mental Health, Crime and Criminal Justice

Responses and Reforms

It has long been known that the pathway through the criminal justice system for those with mental health needs is fraught with difficulty. This interdisciplinary collection explores key issues in mental health, crime and criminal justice, including: offenders' rights; intervention designs; desistance; health-informed approaches to offending and the medical needs of offenders; psychological jurisprudence, and; collaborative and multi-agency practice. This volume draws on the knowledge of professionals and academics working in this field internationally, as well as the experience of service users. It offers a solution-focused response to these issues, and promotes both equality and quality of experience for service users. It will be essential reading for practitioners, scholars and students with an interest in forensic mental health and criminal justice.

Women's Mental Health Issues Across the Criminal Justice System

The first of its kind, Women's Mental Health Issues Across the Criminal Justice System is dedicated to giving the “most invisible” offenders in today's criminal justice system—mentally ill adolescent girls and women—a face and a voice. The book is organized around the subsystems of the U.S. criminal justice system. Each section highlights mental health research and policy issues and focuses on the impediments to treatment and service delivery as well as the model programs, assessments, and intervention processes that offer hope within and across the system.

Mental Health and Criminal Justice

This is the first book to examine the relationship between the American mental health and criminal justice systems from a social science perspective. The contributors -- esteemed scholars from the fields of criminology, law and psychiatry -- illuminate critical areas of the mental health/criminal justice process: how laws and statutes govern the treatment of mentally disordered offenders, how a change in one procedure affects the entire intersystem process, how police manage the deinstitutionalized mentally ill, and how deviant behaviour is defined and treated.

Criminal Justice and Mental Health

An Overview for Students

This textbook provides an overview for students in Criminology and Criminal Justice about the overlap between the criminal justice system and mental health. It provides an accessible overview of basic signs and symptoms of major mental illnesses and size of scope of justice-involved individuals with mental illness. In the United States, the criminal justice system is often the first public service to be in contact with individuals suffering from mental illness or in mental distress. Those with untreated mental illnesses are often at higher risk for committing criminal acts, yet research on this population continues to shed light on common myths – such a prevailing assumption that those with mental illness tend to commit more violent crimes. Law enforcement agents may be called in as first responders for cases of mental distress; and due to a lack of mental health facilities, resources, and pervasive misconceptions about this population, those with mental illness often end up in the corrections system. In this environment, students in Criminology and Criminal Justice are likely to encounter those with mental illness in their future career paths, and need to be prepared for this reality. This timely work covers the roles of each part of the criminal justice system interacting with mentally ill individuals, from law enforcement and first responders, social services, public health services, sentencing and corrections, to release and re-entry. It also covers the crucial topic of mental health for criminal justice professionals, who suffer from high rates of job stress, PTSD, and other mental health issues. The final section of the book includes suggestions for future research. This work will be of interest to students of criminology and criminal justice with an interest in working in the professional sector, as well as those in related fields of sociology, psychology, and public health. It will also be of interest to policy-makers and practitioners already working in the field. The overall goal of this work is to inform, educate, and inspire change.

The Criminalization of Mental Illness

Crisis and Opportunity for the Justice System

For a myriad of reasons the criminal justice system has become the de facto mental health system. This book explores how and why this is the case. Sensationalized cases often drive criminal justice policies that can sometimes be impulsively enacted and misguided. While there are chapters that examine competency, insanity, and inpatient and outpatient commitment, the primary focus of the book is on the bulk of encounters that clog the criminal justice system with persons with mental illnesses (pwmi). Criminal justice practitioners are often ill-equipped for dealing with pwmi in crises. However, via application of therapeutic jurisprudence principles some agencies are better preparing their employees for such encounters and attempting to stop the inhumane and costly recycling of pwmi through the criminal justice system. Coverage runs the gamut from deinstitutionalization, to specialized law enforcement responses, to mental health courts, to jails and prisons, to discharge planning, diversion, and reentry. Also, criminal justice practitioners in their own words provide insight into and examples of the interface between the mental health and criminal justice systems. Throughout the book the balance between maintaining public safety and preserving civil liberties is examined as the state's police power and parens patriae roles are considered. Reasoned, collaborative approaches for influencing and informing policies that are often driven by crises are discussed; this book also reflects more psychological underpinnings than the first edition, as one of the co-authors new to this edition is a forensic clinical psychologist.

A companion to criminal justice, mental health and risk

Within the domains of criminal justice and mental health care, critical debate concerning ‘care’ versus ‘control’ and ‘therapy’ versus ‘security’ is now commonplace. Indeed, the ‘hybridisation’ of these areas is now a familiar theme. This unique and topical text provides an array of expert analyses from key contributors in the field that explore the interface between criminal justice and mental health. Using concise yet robust definitions of key terms and concepts, it consolidates scholarly analysis of theory, policy and practice. Readers are provided with practical debates, in addition to the theoretical and ideological concerns surrounding the risk assessment, treatment, control and risk management in a cross-disciplinary context. Included in this book is recommended further reading and an index of legislation, making it an ideal resource for students at undergraduate and postgraduate level, together with researchers and practitioners in the field.

Mental Health and Criminal Justice

In this student-friendly text, a team of respected scholars balances practical knowledge of how the mental healthcare system operates in conjunction with the criminal justice system, with an analytical framework that looks at how the quality of that collaboration is reflected in the issues, processes and outcomes of both institutions. Professors and students will benefit from an accessible new text that informs and explores: The role of mental healthcare law and procedure in the criminal justice system How mentally ill clients are processed through the criminal justice system Mental healthcare terms, resources, and treatment programs Contemporary issues in mental health and criminal justice, such as the treatment of mentally ill juveniles inside the criminal justice system, and lack of full access to mental healthcare for at-risk groups Discussion of systemic interface and entropy, two central themes to guide student analysis of issues and examples drawn from real life Mental Health and Criminal Justice is designed with a wealth of features for study and review, including: Learning Objectives Framing the Issues Prologues and Epilogues that frame issues and provide vivid examples Key Terms, highlighted in the text and defined in the Glossary Text boxes that expand on points of interest Summary and Chapter Review Questions at the end of each chapter

Crime and Mental Disorders

The Criminal Justice Response

Gender, Psychology, and Justice

The Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System

Reveals how gender intersects with race, class, and sexual orientation in ways that impact the legal status and well-being of women and girls in the justice system. Women and girls’ contact with the justice system is often influenced by gender-related assumptions and stereotypes. The justice practices of the past 40 years have been largely based on conceptual principles and assumptions—including personal theories about gender—more than scientific evidence about what works to address the specific needs of women and girls in the justice system. Because of this, women and girls have limited access to equitable justice and are increasingly caught up in outdated and harmful practices, including the net of the criminal justice system. Gender, Psychology, and Justice uses psychological research to examine the experiences of women and girls involved in the justice system. Their experiences, from initial contact with justice and court officials, demonstrate how gender intersects with race, class, and sexual orientation to impact legal status and well-being. The volume also explains the role psychology can play in shaping legal policy, ranging from the areas of corrections to family court and drug court. Gender, Psychology, and Justice provides a critical analysis of girls’ and women’s experiences in the justice system. It reveals the practical implications of training and interventions grounded in psychological research, and suggests new principles for working with women and girls in legal settings.

Crime, Punishment, and Mental Illness

Law and the Behavioral Sciences in Conflict

Hundreds of thousands of the inmates who populate the nation's jails and prison systems today are identified as mentally ill. Many experts point to the deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1960s, which led to more patients living on their own, as the reason for this high rate of incarceration. But this explanation does not justify why our society has chosen to treat these people with punitive measures. In Crime, Punishment, and Mental Illness, Patricia E. Erickson and Steven K. Erickson explore how societal beliefs about free will and moral responsibility have shaped current policies and they identify the differences among the goals, ethos, and actions of the legal and health care systems. Drawing on high-profile cases, the authors provide a critical analysis of topics, including legal standards for competency, insanity versus mental illness, sex offenders, psychologically disturbed juveniles, the injury and death rates of mentally ill prisoners due to the inappropriate use of force, the high level of suicide, and the release of mentally ill individuals from jails and prisons who have received little or no treatment.

The Sequential Intercept Model and Criminal Justice

Promoting Community Alternatives for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness

"Authored by academic, policy, and practice experts in this area, Criminal Justice and Mental Illness offers an overview of the changes in correctional policy and practice during the last decade that reflect an increased focus on community-based alternatives for offenders"--

Mental Health Counselors

Financial Health & Literacy

Mental Health Advocacy

Mental Health Peer Support

Mental Health Education

Mental Health Recovery

Health Conscious

Mental Health Issues

Exercise Mental Health

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health and Justice Housing Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St

The program provides housing support services to individuals with serious mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system.

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Burlington Office - Burlington Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness * services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the varied needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health and Justice Housing Support Services - Hamilton Central - 131 John St

The program provides housing support services to individuals with serious mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system.

Ontario. Ministry of the Attorney General - Ontario Court of Justice - Criminal Court, Burlington - Burlington

Hears criminal law disputes including:
* assault
* break and enter
* failure to comply with bail and/or probation
* impaired driving
* robbery
* uttering threats

Additional information on Family and Provincial Court can be found at www.ontariocourts.on

St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton - Forensic Psychiatry Program - West 5th Campus, Harbour North Unit

Helps to restore and maintain the mental health and well-being of mentally disordered adult offenders, while managing the risk they pose to public safety as mandated by the Criminal Code of Canada and ordered by the Ontario Review Board.

Police Retirees of Ontario

An association of retired police officers and civilians who contribute to the community.

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Burlington Office - Burlington Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness * services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the varied needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Summit Housing and Outreach Programs - Mental Health Supportive Housing and Outreach Programs, Oakville Office - Oakville Office

Provides supportive housing and outreach case management services throughout Halton for people diagnosed with a serious mental illness
* services are based on a flexible, rehabilitative model of support and are tailored to meet the needs of the people

Programs include:
Halton HOMES Program
provides affordable housing and supports for adults who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless

Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACTT)
* for clients with severe and persistent mental illness, with priority given to people with schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders and with bipolar disorder

Outreach case management/support service
* for clients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosed mental illness living in the community

Core supportive housing program
* provides safe, secure, affordable, and decent accommodation in a variety of settings
* rent-geared-to-income housing

Volunteer program

Justice Supportive Housing Program
* provides affordable accommodation and flexible supports for people with serious mental illness who have come into conflict with the criminal justice system

Disability Justice Network of Ontario

Works with community members locally in Hamilton, Ontario and across the province to ensure that people with disabilities are free to be.

The aim is to build a just and accessible Ontario, wherein people with disabilities:
* Have personal and political agency
* Can thrive and foster community
* Build the power, capacity, and skills needed to hold people, communities, and institutions responsible for the spaces they create

Canadian Mental Health Association - Mental Health Services, Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville - Halton Region Branch Head Office - Oakville

Programs and services include:

Case Management
  • helps people manage symptoms in positive ways, get the right care, find a place to live, make healthy choices, and connect to others who can help

Information and Referral
  • provides information on mental health, addictions, and services to promote improved health and well-being
  • provides current and comprehensive information for people who have a mental health and/or addiction concerns as well as family members, friends, physicians, health care workers, or service providers
  • volunteer opportunities available

Crisis Outreach and Support Team (COAST)
  • provides telephone support and mobile intervention to persons who are in crisis and have a mental health concern

Education and Training
  • offer a range of workshops, courses, training, groups, and services to promote positive health and create a supportive community

Free Walk-In Counseling
  • get support with no referral or appointment necessary
  • service provided at different locations

Justice Services
  • providing assistance and court support services for people who have a mental health/addiction concern are are involved in the criminal justice system

Peer Support
  • offer two group programs: Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) and PeerZone workshops


Services and Programs:
  • COAST - Crisis Outreach and Support Team
  • Education and Training

Ontario. Ministry of the Attorney General, Court Services - Criminal Court - Hamilton Central - John Sopinka Courthouse

Responsible for the conduct in Ontario of prosecutions under the Criminal Code and other Federal Statutes, such as the Youth Criminal Justice Act, as well as, under provincial statutes, such as the Highway Traffic Act and the Liquor Licence Act.


Ontario. Ministry of the Solicitor General - Probation and Parole – Volunteer Program - Volunteer Program

Enables volunteers to work with individuals who have received dispositions from the court, requiring supervision by a Probation Officer. Volunteer opportunities are available to work with Adult Probation Clients (clients are 18 years of age and older).