Autism/ASD - Mental Health

The term Autism refers to a mental development disorder that is typically distinguished by reduced age-appropriate social interaction, problems forming relationships, restricted or repetitive behaviour, and communication problems or impairments in either verbal or non-verbal communication. Signs of autism are usually noticeable from early childhood. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to the varying degrees of mental impairment of Autism. Both children and adults with an ASD usually have certain characteristics in common, but the symptoms, and the severity of them can range widely, as can a person’s level of functioning, abilities, and communication. Other mental health conditions, such as OCD, depression, and anxiety can co-exist in a person with Autism. In fact, research suggests that up to three-quarters of children with an ASD may also have a secondary mental disorder. ( Caring for an individual with both mental health conditions and Autism or an ASD may be overwhelming, and require certain medical, educational, and emotional support for both the patient and the caregiver. Are you looking for resources or professionals in your neighbourhood to help you identify and diagnose, or manage and care for, someone with Autism or an ASD along with other mental health conditions? You’ve come to the right place.

You are not alone. Connect with others who may be going through the same thing, find professional help and resources near you. The Kinjunxion community is here to help.

Resources in ,


The Guide to Good Mental Health on the Autism Spectrum

Filled with strategies and advice, this empowering guide presents practical ways to improve the mental wellbeing of people on the Autism Spectrum. This helpful guide focusses on the specific difficulties that can arise for people on the autism spectrum who may also experience a mental illness. The book includes information on common mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, as well as strategies for improving sleep patterns and mindfulness. Providing guidance on the benefits and drawbacks of therapy pets, medication, and psychotherapy, the authors offer balanced perspectives on treatment options and introduce self-help strategies tailored to meet your needs and improve your mental wellbeing. A number of short personal narratives from people on the autism spectrum and mental health issues illustrate the text. The book also includes a list of resources, books and organisations that can provide further support and inspiration.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®)

This new edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. Their dedication and hard work have yielded an authoritative volume that defines and classifies mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. The criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings -- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. New features and enhancements make DSM-5® easier to use across all settings: The chapter organization reflects a lifespan approach, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood (such as neurodevelopmental disorders) at the beginning of the manual, and those more typical of older adults (such as neurocognitive disorders) placed at the end. Also included are age-related factors specific to diagnosis. The latest findings in neuroimaging and genetics have been integrated into each disorder along with gender and cultural considerations. The revised organizational structure recognizes symptoms that span multiple diagnostic categories, providing new clinical insight in diagnosis. Specific criteria have been streamlined, consolidated, or clarified to be consistent with clinical practice (including the consolidation of autism disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder into autism spectrum disorder; the streamlined classification of bipolar and depressive disorders; the restructuring of substance use disorders for consistency and clarity; and the enhanced specificity for major and mild neurocognitive disorders). Dimensional assessments for research and validation of clinical results have been provided. Both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are included for each disorder, and the organizational structure is consistent with the new ICD-11 in development. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to today's mental health clinicians and researchers of all orientations. The information contained in the manual is also valuable to other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Second Edition

Revision of: Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult Asperger syndrome. c2007.

Mental Disorders and Disabilities Among Low-Income Children

Children living in poverty are more likely to have mental health problems, and their conditions are more likely to be severe. Of the approximately 1.3 million children who were recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability benefits in 2013, about 50% were disabled primarily due to a mental disorder. An increase in the number of children who are recipients of SSI benefits due to mental disorders has been observed through several decades of the program beginning in 1985 and continuing through 2010. Nevertheless, less than 1% of children in the United States are recipients of SSI disability benefits for a mental disorder. At the request of the Social Security Administration, Mental Disorders and Disability Among Low-Income Children compares national trends in the number of children with mental disorders with the trends in the number of children receiving benefits from the SSI program, and describes the possible factors that may contribute to any differences between the two groups. This report provides an overview of the current status of the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, and the levels of impairment in the U.S. population under age 18. The report focuses on 6 mental disorders, chosen due to their prevalence and the severity of disability attributed to those disorders within the SSI disability program: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and mood disorders. While this report is not a comprehensive discussion of these disorders, Mental Disorders and Disability Among Low-Income Children provides the best currently available information regarding demographics, diagnosis, treatment, and expectations for the disorder time course - both the natural course and under treatment.

Clinical Assessment and Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism spectrum disorder has received increasing research in recent years, with more information on assessment and treatment than can be readily assimilated from primary literature by clinicians. Clinical Assessment and Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders summarizes evidence-based assessments and intervention for Autism across the life-span, providing clinicians with a practical overview of how best to assess and treat this disorder. The book begins with a discussion of what warrants a determination of being "evidence based" and a description of the disorder from a life span perspective. The book also provides a chapter on differential diagnosis of autism relative to other disorders. What follows are separate sections on assessment and intervention. These chapters discuss first how to assess and then separately how to treat behavioral problems, communication and social skills issues, academic and vocational skills, and the use of pharmacology and an assessment of possible pharmacological effects. Intended for practitioners assessing and treating children with developmental delays, the book provides clinicians with best practices for assessing and treating delays associated with autism. Covers the full range of Autism Spectrum Disorders Covers the lifespan Focuses on evidence-based assessment and treatment

Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Primer on Autism Spectrum Disorder provides a quick yet comprehensive overview of clinically-relevant topics related to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for the medical or mental health student, trainee, or recent graduate who seeks efficient learning. Chapters are designed to give an overview of a topic area in real time while on a rotation; while studying for professional board examinations in primary care, pediatrics, neurology or psychiatry; or even during preparation for a presentation or discussion scheduled to occur the next day. The sections include Background and Diagnostic Assessment, Etiology, Treatment, and Other Care Delivery Services and Perspectives, with each chapter written by an internationally recognized expert in the field. The chapters on diagnosis and treatment are written from a practical "how to" perspective. Those on etiology are written with the clinician in mind. These clinically-focused chapters include one or more vignettes that present simulated patient cases designed to highlight teaching points related to each chapter's content area. The book ends with a chapter written by family members of individuals with ASD and another written by an adult with ASD that illustrate the human impact these disorders have on day-to-day lives, hopes, and dreams. At the end of each chapter, "Key Points" for summarizing the intended take home messages of each author/authors are listed.

A Practical Guide to Social Interaction Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

This book introduces a novel approach for examining language and communication in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - discourse and conversation analysis. The authors offer a set of very different perspectives on these complex issues than are typically presented in psychological and clinical work. Emerging from a range of social scientific fields, discourse and conversation analysis involve fine-grained qualitative analysis of naturally-occurring, rather than laboratory-based, interaction, enabling broad applications. Presented in two parts, this innovative volume first provides a set of pedagogical chapters to develop the reader's knowledge and skills in using these approaches, before moving to showcase the use of discursive methods through a range of original contributions from world-leading scholars, drawn from a range of disciplines including sociology, academic and clinical psychology, speech and language therapy, critical disability studies and social theory, and medicine and psychiatry.

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Second Edition

This authoritative resource, now thoroughly revised for DSM-5, has set the standard for the comprehensive assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Leading experts demonstrate how to craft a scientifically grounded profile of each child?s strengths and difficulties, make a formal diagnosis, and use assessment data to guide individualized intervention in clinical and school settings. Chapters review state-of-the-art instruments and approaches for evaluating specific areas of impairment in ASD and co-occurring emotional and behavioral disorders. Considerations in working with children of different ages are highlighted. With a primary focus on children, several chapters also address assessment of adolescents and adults. ÿ New to This Edition *Chapter on key implications of DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, plus related updates throughout the volume. *Chapter on advances in early identification (ages 0?3). *Chapter with in-depth case examples illustrating the evaluation decision-making process and common diagnostic challenges. *Chapters on pseudoscience (including strategies for advising parents) and future directions in the field. *Current assessment data, numerous new and revised measures, and cutting-edge screening approaches.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder of the Pittsburgh Pocket Psychiatry Series highlights current key topics for this developmental neurobiological disorder: early identification and diagnosis; medical, psychiatric, behavioral, social, educational and language evaluations and treatment approaches; genetics and neurobiology; and transition-age and adult services. This book incorporates practical clinical knowledge within a didactic framework to provide a comprehensive overview of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) across the lifespan.

Mental Health Aspects of Autism and Asperger Syndrome

The first book to address the increasingly urgent need for information about psychiatric problems in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), Mental Health Aspects of Autism and Asperger Syndrome systematically explains the emotional and psychological difficulties that are often encountered with ASDs. The author, an experienced psychiatrist specializing in autism, describes each of the conditions that are commonly seen in autistic children and adults, including schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, and tic disorders, and gives sound guidance on their early detection and treatment. Easy to use and authoritative, this book is an essential tool for use by both family and professionals.

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorders, First Edition

Significant progress has been made in assessing children with autism spectrum disorders, but the field has lacked a single, comprehensive resource that assembles current best practices within a unified assessment framework. This authoritative book demonstrates how to craft a complete, scientifically grounded, and clinically useful portrait of a child's strengths and difficulties in social behavior, language and communication, intellectual functioning, motor skills, and other key areas of impairment and comorbidity. Leading experts illustrate ways in which school and clinical practitioners can integrate data from a variety of sources to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and inform the development of individualized interventions.

A Parent'S Guide To Autism

A Parents Guide To Autism

Describes the causes and symptoms of autism, explains what can be done to help those suffering from autism lead fuller lives, and discusses diet, medications, exercise, and physical therapy

Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services - Hamilton

Offers community-based, office-based, and day treatment programs for children and youth who face emotional, behavioural, and mental health challenges. A wide variety of programs and services for children, teens and adults with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder are offered.

Programs in Hamilton include day treatment at Delta Secondary (HAM2899), day treatment at Hill Park Secondary (HAM0840), ASD Adult Residential Program (HAM0586), ASD Adult SIL Program (HAM2868), ASD Day Supports Program - a Transition to Adulthood group at Woodview Manor (HAM2866), ASD Children and Teen groups and camps and Adult ASD Vocational and Passport services (HAM1428) (HAM2866).

McMaster Children's Hospital - Autism Spectrum Disorder Service - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 4

Provides assessment, treatment and consultation services for children and adolescents diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Training and support to families and professionals living and working with this population is also provided. The overall goal of the service is to maximize the potential for the person with ASD and enhance his or her ability to live and participate in the community.

Salvation Army (The) - STRIVE Adult Autism Services - 533 Main St - Autism Centre

Provides a hub in which individuals on the Autism Spectrum develop skills and to participate in activities regardless of where they may fit on the autism continuum. Focus is on the development of transferable skills that will allow each person to increase their independence and with time to become more comfortable and integrated. Essential social skills training is knitted into each service that is offered and staff are trained to ensure people are engaged and challenged to meet their goals.

Program includes:
* 1:1 literacy and computer skills programming
* Indoor mini-gym
* Rooftop garden
* Art classes
* Music programs
* Snoezelen Room
* Teaching kitchen
* Cafe, and several multi-purpose spaces.

Autism Ontario - Potential Programme

Directly support families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) through the support of a clinical professionals. Support includes consultation and referral, organization of social learning opportunities for individuals and families, and facilitation of professionals to speak locally on topics related to ASD. A program of Autism Ontario offered in partnership with the Ministry of Child and Youth Services and the Hamilton chapter.

Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services - Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services, Burlington - Burlington

Children's mental health and autism services include:

Day treatment programs:
* for children and youth with significant social, emotional, and/or behavioural needs, in partnership with the Halton District School Board
* each program is located in a community school, open to all areas of the region, elementary and secondary, combined focus of mental health and education

Woodview Learning Centre:
* private school for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, located at 69 Flatt Rd, Burlington (fee-based program)

HIP (Halton Intensive Program):
* outreach services include home-based services and supports for children ages 6-12 with serious social, emotional and/or behavioural difficulties

YODA (Youth Overcoming Depression & Anxiety):
* services youth in grades 6-8 requiring support to address issues of anxiety & depression and/or having difficulty functioning in their home, school and community environments
* offers 10 week group treatment programs in community schools in North Halton (covers Oakville) and Burlington

* offers support for youth and families experiencing a high degree of conflict

E.I.E.I.O (Early Identification, Early Intervention Outreach):
* 20-week school-based therapeutic program for children ages 6-8 showing signs of significant social, emotional and/or behavioural problems and some difficulty in the school setting and/or at home
* offers families an opportunity to build on their strengths, skills and relationships

Ontario Autism Program:
* for children with a formal diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
* detailed assessments, intensive individualized instruction focused on skill building and generalization of core skills to other environments, family involvement in setting goals
* skill building services and supports for children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
* individualized plans, family involvement in setting goals, in home and in community settings, parenting workshops

For additional information on mental health and autism programs, please visit Woodview's website

Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services - Woodview Learning Centre - Burlington

A private elementary school designed for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Focus of the program is to provide an academic setting for students who are not met with success in the public system.
* helps students with ASD to build social, communication, and independence skills
* assist students in developing appropriate classroom and community skills and behaviours in a safe and caring environment

Some activities take place at other locations.

McMaster Children's Hospital - Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Program - Ron Joyce Children's Health Centre, Level 4

Offers comprehensive services as the Hamilton-area Single Point of Access for the Ontario Autism Program and one of the sites of the Hamilton-Niagara Regional Autism Program. Services include parent training and support, intensive behavioural intervention, transition support services, and community education in group and workshop format.

Autism Ontario - Autism Ontario, Autism Ontario

Promotes public and professional awareness and understanding of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Provides information, referral, and resource materials to parents, professionals, and the public.

Nelson Youth Centres

Major services:
Children's After School Treatment Program: (for ages 6-14)
* group therapy based
* Burlington, Oakville, Milton and Georgetown
* focuses on self regulation, emotional regulation, social competences and managing peer conflict
* children/youth may have a diagnosis of ADHD, Anxiety, and/or Learning Disability
* attend once a week for a twelve week session

Family Support Program:
* parent support group offered in conjunction with the After School Treatment Program
* focuses on effective parenting strategies, promoting positive behaviours and parent child relationships

Half Day Intensive Program: (for ages 7-13)
* for children with severe social/emotional issues struggling to stay in school
* one half day a week during school year
* focuses on development of effective social/emotional skills and learning strategies that enable them to maintain their school placement and function effectively in the home and community

Individual and Family Counselling:
* various counselling formats focusing on effective parenting, family functioning and emotional/behavioural difficulties experienced by the child in the home, school and community

Reconnecting Youth:: (for ages 12-17)
* community based treatment program for youth
* enhances effective community involvement and life skills
* addresses issues such as emotional regulation; mood disorders; social competencies and peer conflict
* individual and family therapy

Saturday Social Skills Program: (for ages 8-12)
* for children with high functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
* operates four times a year, eight week sessions
* teaches essential interpersonal and communication skills
* interactive group recreational programming

Hamilton Mental Health Outreach

A community mental health organization that provides client-directed intensive case management services for adults who have a serious and persistent mental illness.

Joseph Brant Hospital - Community Mental Health Outpatient Services - Burlington - Joseph Brant Community Health Centre (Brant Centre)

Community Mental Health provides a continuum of care from assessment or consultation, to specialized treatment supports for clients with complex and serious mental health disorders.

Child and Adolescent Clinic (CAP)
Provides support to children/youth under the age of 18 years.
* Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist works with Social Worker to assess and provide treatment recommendations on complex cases.

Concurrent Disorders Clinic (Addictions & Mental Illness)
Specialized assessments of clients with co-occurring mental health and addictions disorders.
* psychiatrists work with Social Worker to identify clients who would benefit from longer term individual treatment.
* clinic staff also provide "Health & Hope Group," a 10-week psycho-educational support group for people who experience difficulties with both a mental health issue and substance abuse issue.

Early Intervention in Psychosis (Phoenix)
Regional clinical program provides service to clients 14-40 years of age experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
* jointly managed by Joseph Brant Hospital, Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, North Halton Mental Health Clinic, ADAPT, and the Halton-Peel Schizophrenia Society.
* for more information, see separate listing here

General Psychiatrist Consultation Clinic
Assessment, medication review, and treatment recommendations via a "shared care" model with family physicians.
* follow up appointments provided as necessary for more complex cases to ensure the efficacy of medications prescribed and that the recommended treatment plan is working for the client.

Geriatric Psychiatric Consultation Service
Supports clients aged 65 and older who are residents of Burlington, for more details see separate listing here

Halton Homes (homelessness service)
Provides clinical support to Halton Homes service which targets mental health clients at risk of being homeless and provides both clinical case management and housing supports.
* Ontario Ministry of Health supportive housing initiative, lead agency is Summit Housing and Outreach Program.
* for more information see separate listings here

PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment)
Community outreach program of Halton Region, is housed at Joseph Brant serving all Halton residents, see separate listing here

PHAST (Prioritizing Health through Acute Stabilization and Treatment)
Access to mental health and addiction services for individuals 16 and older with mental health and/or addiction concerns who have an urgent need for acute stabilization and intervention
* multidisciplinary model, which includes the services of a registered nurse, addictions specialists, social workers, a child and youth intensive worker, a peer support worker, an occupational therapist, a transitional age youth social worker, a case manager and clerical support
* treatment includes stabilization and referral to social service agency partners through a combination of group and one-on-one sessions for individuals and their families

Treatment Services
Available through referral from a physician:
1. Short Term Treatment
Meets the needs of individuals who are experiencing mental health issues such as mood or anxiety disorders.
* assessment, psychiatric evaluation, treatment planning, skill development and coordination of community resources.
* an average of 12 therapy sessions is offered.
* clinicians also offer treatment via several groups, e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for clients with depression or anxiety.

2. Intensive Case Management
Inter-professional team offers comprehensive outreach services to adult clients and their families.
* addresses the multiple needs of clients with predominantly psychotic or severe mood disorders (eg. bipolar) and focuses on the client's goals and effective community reintegration.

3. Medication Clinic
Operates with both RN and Psychiatrist support for the follow up of primarily a chronic population.
* goals are to facilitate the optimal use of psychotropic medications with a view to prevent/reduce hospitalizations and Emergency Department visits, ensure client stability in the community and support clients in maintaining adequate functioning and an enhanced quality of life.

Woodview Mental Health and Autism Services - Supported Independent Living - Woodview Manor

Adults with ASD living in townhouses or apartments receive staffing supports to live as independently as they are able. Staff assist individuals with budgeting, teach life skills such as meal planning and shopping and provide support for medical appointments.